The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. American Ornithologists' Union. 1983. Checklist of North American birds. 6th ed. Lawrence, KS: Allen Press, Inc. 877 p. [21234]
  • 10. Hansen, H. A.; Shepard, P. E. K.; King, J. G.; Troyer, W. A. 1971. The trumpeter swan in Alaska. Wildlife Monograph. 26: [19664]
  • 11. Henson, Paul; Grant, Todd A. 1991. The effects of human disturbance on trumpeter swan breeding behavior. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 19(3): 248-257. [19313]
  • 14. Madge, Steve; Burn, Hilary. 1988. Waterfowl: An indentification guide to the ducks, geese and swans of the world. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company. 298 p. [20029]
  • 17. Palmer, Ralph S., editor. 1976. Handbook of North American birds. vol. 2. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 521 p. [21242]
  • 18. Reel, Susan; Schassberger, Lisa; Ruediger, William, compilers. 1989. Caring for our national community: Region 1 - threatened, endangered & sensitive species program. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Region. 309 p. [19675]
  • 19. Schlichtemeier, Gary. 1967. Marsh burning for waterfowl. In: Proceedings, 6th annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1967 March 6-7; Tallahassee, FL. No. 6. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 40-46. [16450]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. Anon. 1992. Alberta's threatened wildlife: Trumpeter swan. Alberta Forestry, Lands and Wildlife. Edmonton, AB: Alberta Fish and Wildlife Division, Nongame Management Program. 5 p. [21109]
  • 20. Shea, R. E. 1979. The ecology of the trumpeter swan in Yellowstone National Park and vicin vicinity. Missoula, MT: University of Montana. 132 p. Thesis. [21577]
  • 2006. website, AOU Check-List (07-2006)
  • 2006. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2006.12.10
  • 21. Vogl, Richard J. 1967. Controlled burning for wildlife in Wisconsin. In: Proceedings, 6th annual Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference; 1967 March 6-7; Tallahassee, FL. No. 6. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 47-96. [18726]
  • 22. Ward, P. 1968. Fire in relation to waterfowl habitat of the delta marshes. In: Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1968 March 14-15; Tallahassee, FL. No. 8. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 255-267. [18932]
  • 23. Clark, Tim W.; Harvey, Ann H.; Dorn, Robert D.; [and others]
  • 24. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2013. Endangered Species Program, [Online]
  • 3. Banko, W. E. 1960. The trumpeter swan: its history, habits, and population in the United S States. North American fauna 63. Washington, D. C: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 214 p. [21575]
  • 4. Bellrose, Frank C. 1980. Ducks, geese and swans of North America. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books. 3rd ed. 540 p. [19802]
  • Adriaens, P. (2014). Cygnus buccinator Richardson, 1832. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=422570
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Baskin, Y. 1993. Trumpeter swans relearn migration. Bioscience, 43/2: 76-79.
  • Bergman, C. 1985. The Triumphant Trumpeter. National Geographic, 168/4: 544-558.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Cygnus buccinator
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  • Cowan, I. 1946. Death of a Trumpeter Swan from Multiple Parasitism. The Auk, 63/2: 248-249.
  • Earnst, S. 1994. Tundra Swan Habitat Preferences during Migration in North Dakota. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 58/3: 546-551.
  • FEIS by the USDA Forest Service (Online source)   http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ External link.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Grant, T., P. Henson. 1994. Feeding ecology of trumpeter swans breeding in south central Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management, 58/4: 774.
  • Hanson, P., J. Cooper. 1994. Nocturnal Behavior of Breeding Trumpeter Swans. The Auk, 111/4: 1013-1018.
  • Henson, P., J. Cooper. 1993. Trumpeter Swan incubation in areas of differing food quality. Journal of Wildlife Management, 57/4: 709-716.
  • Johnsgard, P. 1978. The Triumphant Trumpeter. Natural History, 87/9: 72.
  • Kraft, F. 1946. The Flying Behemoth is Coming Back. Saturday Evening Post, 219/6: 6.
  • Krementz, D., R. Barker, J. Nichols. 1997. Sources of Variation in Waterfowl Survival Rates. The Auk, 114/2: 93-102.
  • LaMontagne, J., L. Jackson, R. Barclay. 2003. Characteristics of ponds used by trumpeter swans. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 81/11: 1791-1798.
  • Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish (Online source)   http://www.demogr.mpg.de/longevityrecords External link.
  • Lynch, W. 2007. Perfection in White. Canadian Wildlife (Canadian Wildlife Federation), 13/4: 18-23.
  • Mills, J. 1991. The Swan That Would Not Fly. National Wildlife, 29/6: 4.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Proffitt, K. 2009. Trumpeter Swan Abundance and Growth Rates in Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Wildlife Management, 73/5: 728-736.
  • Schmidt, J., M. Lindberg, D. Johnson, J. Schmutz. 2009. Environmental and human influences of trumpeter swan habitat occupancy in Alaska. Condor, 111/2: 266/275.
  • Slater, G. 2006. "Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator): a technical conservation assessment" (On-line pdf). US Forest Service. Accessed February 16, 2010 at http://www.fs.fed.us/r2/projects/scp/assessments/trumpeterswan.pdf.
  • Squires, J. 1995. Trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator) food habits in the greater Yellowstone ecosystem. American Midland Naturalist, 133/2: 274.
  • Squires, J., S. Anderson. 1997. Changes in trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator) activities. American Midland Naturalist, 138/1: 208.
  • Truslow, F. 1960. Return of the Trumpeter. National Geographic, 118/1: 134.
  • Wilkinson, T. 1991. Call of the Trumpeter. National Parks, 66/7-8: 26.

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