The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • "Cygnus". Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cygnus_(genus)
  • "Tundra Swan". Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tundra_Swan
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  • 10. Palmer, Ralph S., editor. 1976. Handbook of North American birds. vol. 2. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 521 p. [21242]
  • 11. Schlichtemeier, Gary. 1967. Marsh burning for waterfowl. In: Proceedings, 6th annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1967 March 6-7; Tallahassee, FL. No. 6. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 40-46. [16450]
  • 12. Vogl, Richard J. 1967. Controlled burning for wildlife in Wisconsin. In: Proceedings, 6th annual Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference; 1967 March 6-7; Tallahassee, FL. No. 6. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 47-96. [18726]
  • 13. Ward, P. 1968. Fire in relation to waterfowl habitat of the delta marshes. In: Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1968 March 14-15; Tallahassee, FL. No. 8. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 255-267. [18932]
  • 14. Wright, Henry A.; Bailey, Arthur W. 1982. Fire ecology: United States and southern Canada. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 501 p. [2620]
  • 15. DeGraaf, Richard M.; Scott, Virgil E.; Hamre, R. H.; [and others]
  • 16. Kuchler, A. W. 1964. Manual to accompany the map of potential vegetation of the conterminous United States. Special Publication No. 36. New York: American Geographical Society. 77 p. [1384]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. Bellrose, Frank C. 1980. Ducks, geese and swans of North America. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books. 3rd ed. 540 p. [19802]
  • 2006. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2006.12.10
  • 2006. website, AOU Check-List (07-2006)
  • 6. Johnsgard, Paul A. 1979. A guide to North American waterfowl. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. 274 p. [20026]
  • 8. Madge, Steve; Burn, Hilary. 1988. Waterfowl: An indentification guide to the ducks, geese and swans of the world. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company. 298 p. [20029]
  • AOU; American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. Checklist of North American birds. Washigton, D. C., E. U. A.
  • Adriaens, P. (2013). Cygnus columbianus (Ord, 1815). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=159088
  • Alpheraky, Unknown,Priroda i Okhota, 1904: 10.
  • Arriaga, L., Espinoza, J.M., Aguilar, C., Martínez, E., Gómez, L.y Loa, E. 2000. Regiones terrestres prioritarias de México. CONABIO. México, D. F.
  • Arsenault, G., Ashe, D. M. y Berlanga-García, H. A. 1998. Actualización del Plan de Manejo de Aves Acuáticas de Norteamérica. Canadá.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Bellrose, F. C. 1980. Ducks, Geese and Swans of North Americ. Stackpole Books. Harrisburg, Pensilvania, E. U. A.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Cygnus columbianus
  • Cygnus columbianus. Xeno-canto. Xeno-canto Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://xeno-canto.org/browse.php?query=Cygnus+columbianus.
  • EURING list of longevity records for European birds (Online source)   http://www.euring.org/data_and_codes/longevity.htm External link.
  • Escalante-Pliego, P., Sada, A. M. y Robles-Gil, J. 1996. Listado de nombres comunes de las aves de México. CONABIO. México, D. F.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Hawkins, L. L. 1986. Tundra Swan (Cgnus columbianus) breeding behavior. Tesis (maestría). University of Minnesota, St. Paul. St. Paul, Minnesota, E. U. A.
  • Howell, S. N. G 1999. A bird finding guide to Mexico. Cornell paperback. Nueva York, E. U. A.
  • Howell, S. N. G y Webb, S. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press. Nueva York, E. U. A.
  • Limpert, R. J. and S. L. Earnst. 1994. Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/089
  • Limpert, R. J. y Earnst, S. L. 1994. Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus). The Birds of North America. 3 (89) .
  • Monda, M. J. 1991. Reproductive ecology of Tundra Swans on the Artic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. Tesis (doctorado). Biological Sciences Department, University of Idaho - Moscow. Idaho, Moscow, E. U. A.
  • Nichols, J. D., Bart, J., Limpert, R. J., Sladen, W. J. L. y Hines, J. E 1992. Annual survival rates of adult and immature eastern population Tundra Swans. Journal of Wildlife Management. 56 (3) : 485-494.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Ord, Geog., 2nd Am. ed.,Geog., 2nd Am. ed., 18152: 319.
  • Ord, Unknown,in Gutherie, Geog.,2nd Am.ed., 2: 319.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Peterson, Roger Tory. Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980. Print.
  • S. L. Olson and P. C. Rasmussen. 2001. Miocene and Pliocene birds from the Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 90:233-365
  • SEMARNAT; Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales. 16 de octubre 2000. Proyecto de Norma Oficial Mexicana PROY-NOM-059-ECOL-2000, Protección ambiental Especies de flora y fauna silvestres de México. Categorías de riesgo y especificaciones para su inclusión, exclusión o cambio-Lista de especies en riesgo. Diario Oficial. .
  • SEMARNAT; Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales. 2001. Guía técnica de identificación de aves canoras y de ornato autorizadas por la SEMARNAT para su aprovechamiento. México, D. F.
  • Scott, D. A. y Carbonell, M. 1986. Inventarios de Humedales de la Región Neotropical. Reino Unido.
  • Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus). The Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/tundra-swan-cygnus-columbianus.
  • ZHENG Guangmei, WANG Qishan, CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES AVES.,CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES AVES., 1998.
  • Zheng Zuoxin et al., FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 2: Anseriformes,FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 2: Anseriformes, 1979.
  • Zheng Zuoxin, BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names),BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names), 1989.
  • eBird Range Map - Tundra Swan. eBird. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, N.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ebird.org/ebird/map/tunswa.
  • http://perfectdayfactory.com/tundra-swans/
  • http://www.eol.org/pages/1266353
  • 郑作新, 世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照),世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照), 1989.
  • 郑作新等, 《中国动物志》鸟纲 第二卷 雁形目,北京:科学出版社, 1979: 1-140.
  • 郑作新等, 中国动物志.鸟纲第二卷.雁形目,中国动物志.鸟纲第二卷.雁形目, 1979.
  • 郑光美, 王岐山, 中国濒危动物红皮书 鸟类,中国濒危动物红皮书 鸟类, 1998.

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