The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (Nov 2002) http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/ External link.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. Mullarney, K., Svensson, L., Zetterstrom, D., & Grant, P.J. (1999) Collins Bird Guide. HarperCollins Publishers Ltd, London.
  • 2006. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2006.12.10
  • 2006. website, AOU Check-List (07-2006)
  • 3. Lack, P. (1986) The Atlas of Wintering Birds in Britain and Ireland. T. & A. D. Poyser Ltd, Calton.
  • 4. Gooder, J. (1982) Collins British Birds. William Collins Sons and Co Ltd, London.
  • 5. JNCC Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside (Nov 2002) http://www.bto.orgbirdtrends/wcrmutsw.htmhttp://www.bto.orgbirdtrends/wcrmutsw.htm External link.
  • 6. Walters, M (1994) Eyewitness Handbooks: Birds Eggs. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 7. RSPB (2003) The population status of birds in the UK http://www.rspb.org.ukImages/5_20625.pdfhttp://www.rspb.org.ukImages/5_20625.pdf External link.
  • 8. RSPB (2003): Pers. comm.
  • Adriaens, P. (2013). Cygnus olor (Gmelin, 1789). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=159090
  • B., Bruun., & S. Baha El Din.   (1985).  Common Birds of Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo..  
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • BirdLife International 2012. Cygnus olor
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  • Cygnus olor (J.F.Gmelin)
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Gmelin, Syst. Nat., ed. 13,Syst. Nat., ed. 13, 17881: 501.
  • Gmelin, Unknown,Syst. Nat., ed. 13, 17881: 501.
  • Granlund, J., McPeek, G., and Adams, R. The Birds of Michigan. Indiana University Press, Indianapolis, 1994.
  • Hall SJ, Raffaelli D (1991) Food-web patterns: lessons from a species-rich web. J Anim Ecol 60:823–842
  • Halton, W. http://www.airtime.co.uk/users/cygnus/muteswan.htm
  • Huxham M, Beany S, Raffaelli D (1996) Do parasites reduce the chances of triangulation in a real food web? Oikos 76:284–300
  • John Terres (1980) The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Knopf: New York.
  • McCleery et al. (2008) Age-specific reproduction in a long-lived species: the combined effects of senescence and individual quality. Proc Biol Sci, 275:963-970.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Reilly, E. The Audubon Illustrated Handbook of American Birds. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1968.
  • Terres, J. The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Alfred A. Knoph, New York, 1980.
  • The Birds of North America Online (Online source)   http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/ External link.
  • ZHENG Guangmei, WANG Qishan, CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES AVES.,CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES AVES., 1998.
  • Zheng Zuoxin et al., FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 2: Anseriformes,FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 2: Anseriformes, 1979.
  • Zheng Zuoxin, BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names),BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names), 1989.
  • http://aztec.inre.asu.edu/phxzoo/swanmute.html
  • 郑作新, 世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照),世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照), 1989.
  • 郑作新等, 《中国动物志》鸟纲 第二卷 雁形目,北京:科学出版社, 1979: 1-140.
  • 郑作新等, 中国动物志.鸟纲第二卷.雁形目,中国动物志.鸟纲第二卷.雁形目, 1979.
  • 郑光美, 王岐山, 中国濒危动物红皮书 鸟类,中国濒危动物红皮书 鸟类, 1998.

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