IUCN threat status:

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Comprehensive Description

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Description of Uroglena

Chrysophytes, colonial, colonies free-swimming, spherical, ellipsoidal or oblong, up to several 100 (rarely >1000) µm in diameter; cells radially arranged in a single layer at the periphery of a gelatinous matrix; interior of matrix fairly homogeneous or containing a system of fine, radiating and branched stalks to which the cells are attached by their pointed posterior ends; individual cells Ochromonas-like, with 2 flagella of unequal length; chloroplasts 1-2, laminate to discoid, at least in one species containing a pyrenoid; eyespot usally 1 (rarely 2 or lacking); contractile vacuoles 1-3; numerous muciferous bodies located at the cell periphery; nutrition phototrophic and phagotrophic; cell division longitudinal; colony reproduction by constriction into two daughter colonies or by fragmentation; stomatocysts frequently observed, their ornamentation used for species identification; some species of common occurrence in the plankton of lakes and ponds, sometimes bloom-forming, one species marine.

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