The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Baden, D.G. 1983. Marine food-borne dinoflagellate toxins. Intern. Rev. Cytol. 82: 99-150.
  • Baden, D.G., T.J. Mende, W. Lichter & L. Wellham 1981. Crystallization and toxicology of T34: A major toxin from Florida's red tide organism (Ptychodiscus brevis). Toxicon 19: 455-462.
  • Brown, AFM., Dortch, Q., Dolah, FMV., Leighfield, TA., Morrison, W., Thessen, AE., Steidinger, K., Richardson, B., Moncreiff, CA.& Pennock, JR. 2006. Effect of salinity on the distribution, growth, and toxicity of Karenia spp. Harmful Algae. 2: 199-212.
  • Davis, C.C. 1948. Gymnodinium brevis sp. nov., a cause of discolored water and animal mortality in the Gulf of Mexico. Bot. Gaz. 109: 358-360.
  • Fukuyo, Y., H. Takano, M. Chihara & K. Matsuoka 1990. Red Tide Organisms in Japan. An Illustrated Taxonomic Guide. Uchida Rokakuho, Co., Ltd., Tokyo. 407 pp.
  • Haywood, A J., Steidinger, K A., Truby, EW., Bergquist, PR., Bergquist, PL., Adamson, J., Mackenzie, L. 2004. Comparative morphology and molecular phlogenetic analysis of three new species of the genus Karenia (Dinophyceae) from New Zealand. J.Phycol. 40(1): 165-179.
  • Hughes, J.M. 1979. Epidemiology of shellfish poisoning in the United States, 1971-1977. In: D.L. Taylor & H.H. Seliger (eds.), Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms, Elsevier/North-Holland, New York: 23-28.
  • Isotype: Davis, C. C. 1948. Bot. Gaz. 109 (3): 358, figs. 1, 2.
  • Magana, HA., & Villareal, TA. 2006. The effect of environemtnal factors on the growth rate of Karenia brevis (Davis) G. Hansen and Moestrup. Harmful Algae. 2: 192-198.
  • Steidinger, K.A. & E.A. Joyce, Jr. 1973. Florida Red Tides. State of Florida Department of Natural Resources, Educational Ser. No. 17: 1-26.
  • Steidinger, K.A. & K. Tangen 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: C.R. Tomas (ed.), Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates, Academic Press, New York: 387-598.
  • Steidinger, K.A. 1975. Implications of dinoflagellate life cycles on initiation of Gymnodinium breve red tides. Environ. Lett. 9: 129-139.
  • Steidinger, K.A. 1983. A re-evaluation of toxic dinoflagellate biology and ecology. Prog. Phycol. Res. 2: 147-188.
  • Steidinger, K.A., Burklew, M.A. & R.M. Ingle 1973. The effects of Gymnodinium breve toxin on estuarine animals. In: D.F. Martine & G.M. Padilla (eds.), Dinoflagellates, Academic Press, Orlando: 201-261.
  • Steidinger, K.A., E.W. Truby & C.J. Dawes 1978. Ultrastructure of the red tide dinoflagellate Gymnodinium breve. I. General description. J. Phycol. 14: 72-79.
  • Steidinger, Karen A. and Karl Tangen / Carmelo R. Tomas ed. 1997. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 387-584
  • Taylor, F.J.R., Y. Fukuyo & J. Larsen 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson & A.D. Cembella (eds.), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.
  • Taylor, FJR., Fukuyo, Y. & Larsen, J. 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson & A.D. YCembella (eds.), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.
  • Walker, L.M. 1982. Evidence for a sexual cycle in the Florida red tide dinoflagellate Ptychodiscus brevis (=Gymnodinium breve). Bioscience 32: 809-810.

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