The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Brown, AFM., Dortch, Q., Dolah, FMV., Leighfield, TA., Morrison, W., Thessen, AE., Steidinger, K., Richardson, B., Moncreiff, CA.& Pennock, JR. 2006. Effect of salinity on the distribution, growth, and toxicity of Karenia spp. Harmful Algae. 2: 199-212.
  • Haywood, A J., Steidinger, K A., Truby, EW., Bergquist, PR., Bergquist, PL., Adamson, J., Mackenzie, L. 2004. Comparative morphology and molecular phlogenetic analysis of three new species of the genus Karenia (Dinophyceae) from New Zealand. J.Phycol. 40(1): 165-179.
  • Isotype: Davis, C. C. 1948. Bot. Gaz. 109 (3): 358, figs. 1, 2.
  • Magana, HA., & Villareal, TA. 2006. The effect of environemtnal factors on the growth rate of Karenia brevis (Davis) G. Hansen and Moestrup. Harmful Algae. 2: 192-198.
  • Steidinger, Karen A. and Karl Tangen / Carmelo R. Tomas ed. 1997. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 387-584
  • Taylor, FJR., Fukuyo, Y. & Larsen, J. 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson & A.D. YCembella (eds.), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.


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