The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Arnold, Augusta Foote. 1903. Sea-Beach at Ebb-Tide. New York : Century Co.; Plate XXXIII
  • Conklin K.Y. and Sherwood A.R. 2012. Molecular and morphological variation of the red alga Spyridia filamentosa (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Phycologia 51: 347–357. DOI: 10.2216/10-26.1
  • Guiry, W. in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.; searched on 06 January 2014.
  • Hoyt, W. D. 1921. Marine Algae of Beaufort, N.C., and Adjacent Regions. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, vol. 36, 1917-1918; Plate CXI-1
  • Wuitner, Emile. 1921. Algues Marines des Cotes de France (Manche et Ocean). Paris, France : Paul Lechevalier. Encyclopedie Pratique du Naturaliste. v.VII; Plate 43
  • Zuccarello G.C., Sandercock B. & West J.A. 2002. Diversity within red algal species: variations in world-wide samples of Spyridia filamentosa (Ceramiaceae) and Murrayella periclados (Rhodomelaceae) using DNA markers and breeding studies. European Journal of Phycology 37: 403–417.


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