The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bratbak G, Egge JK and Heldal M (1993) Viral mortality of the marine alga Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyceae) and the termination of the algal bloom. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 93: 39-48.
  • Emiliani C (1993) Viral extinctions in deep-sea species. Nature, 366: 217-218.
  • Frada M, Probert I, Allen MJ, Wilson WH and de Vargas C (2009) The 'Cheshire Cat' escape strategy of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi in response to viral infection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 105(41): 15944-15949.
  • J Paleontol 73 (1), January: 74.
  • Martinez JM, Schroeder DC, Larsen A, Bratbak G and Wilson WH (2007) Molecular dynamics of Emiliania huxleyi and co-occurring viruses during two separate mesocosm studies. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 73: 554-562.
  • Paasche E (2002) A review of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae), with particular reference to growth, coccolith formation, and calcification-photosynthesis interactions. Phycologia, 40(6): 503-529.
  • Smetacek V (2001) A watery arms race. Nature, 411: 745.
  • Thierstein HR, Geitzenauer, KR, Molfino B and Shackleton NJ (1977) Global synchroneity of late Quaternary coccolith datum levels: Validation by oxygen isotopes. Geology, 5: 400-404.
  • Van Valen L (1973) A new evolutionary law. Evolutionary Theory, 1: 11-30.
  • Westbroek P et al. (1993) A model system approach to biological climate forcing. The example of Emiliania huxleyi. Global and Planetary Change, 8: 27-46.
  • Winter A, Jordan RW and Roth PH (1994). Biogeography of living coccolithophores in ocean waters. In: Winter A and Siesser WG (Editors), Coccolithophores. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 161-177.
  • Young JR et al. (1997) Guidelines for coccolith and Calcareous nannofossil terminology. Palaeontology, 40: 875-912.
  • Young JR et al. (2003) A guide to extant coccolithophore taxonomy. Journal of Nannoplankton Research, Special Issue, 1: 1-132.
  • Young JR, Henriksen K and Probert I (2004) Structure and morphogenesis of the coccoliths of the CODENET species. In: Thierstein HR and Young JR (Editors), Coccolithophores - from molecular processes to global impact. Springer, 191-216.


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