The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Balech, E (1976). Some Norwegian Dinophysis species (Dinoflagellata). Sarsia, 61:75-94.
  • Brandt, S. 2011. Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann, 1859. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication. Consultado el 06 de noviembre 2011 en In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2011).
  • Cembella, A. D. 1989. Occurrence of okadaic acid, a major diarrheic shellfish toxin, in natural populations of Dinophysis spp. from the eastern coast of North America. J. Appl. Phycol. 1: 307-310.
  • Dodge JD (1982) Marine Dinoflagellates of the British Isles, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London
  • Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2011. Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann. AlgaeBase. Consultado el 16 de noviembre 2011 en World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.
  • Hallegraeff, G.M. & Lucas, I. A. N. 1988. The marine dinoflagellate genus Dinophysis (Dinophyceae): photosynthetic, neritic and non-photosynthetic, oceanic species. Phycologia. 27: 25-42.
  • Hansen G (1993) Dimoprphic individuals of Dinophysis acuta and Dinophysis norvegica (Dinophyceae) from Danish waters. Phycologia 32:73-75
  • Kat, M. 1985. Dinophysis acuminata blooms, the distinct cause of Dutch mussel poisoning. Toxic Dinoflagellates. Anderson, D. M., A. W. White & D. G. Baden. Elsevier, New York: 73-78
  • Lassus P. 1988. Plancton toxique et plancton d´eaux rouges sur les cotes europèennes. INREMER. France. 111
  • Lassus, P., Bardouil, M., I, Truquet, Le Baut, C. & Pierre, M. J. 1985. Dinophysis acuminata distrituion and toxicity along the southern Brittany coast (France): Correlation with hydrological parameters. Toxic Dinoflagellates. In: Anderson, D. M., White, A. W. & Baden, D. G. (eds.). Elsevier, New York: 159-164
  • Lee, J. S., Igarashi, T., Fraga, S., Dahl, E., Hovgaard, P. & Yasumoto, T. 1989. Determination of diarrhetic toxins in various dinoflagellate species. J. Appl. Phycol. 1: 147-152
  • Licea, S., Moreno, J. L., Santoyo, H. & Figueroa, G. 1995. Dinoflagelados del Golfo de California. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur. México. 165
  • Mackenzie, L. 1991. Does Dinophysis (Dinophyceae) have a sex life?. J. Phycol. 28: 399-406
  • Méndez, C. S. M. 1999. Instrumentos de gestión de recursos bentónicos del litoral Atlántico uruguayo con respecto al impacto de las floraciones algales nocivas. Tesis de Maestría. Universidad Internacional de Andalucía. España. 141
  • Méndez, S., Brazeiro, A., Ferrari, G., Medina, D. & Inocente, G. 1993. Informe técnico. Mareas rojas en el Uruguay. Instituto Nacional de Pesca
  • Reguera, B., Campos, M. J., Fraga, S., Mariño, J. & Bravo, I. 1991. The monitoring of harmful algal blooms in Galicia (NW Spain). Actes du Colloque sur les Biotoxines Marines. In: Fremy, J. M. Centr. Nat. Etud. Vet. Alim. Paris. 217-224
  • Reguera, R. B. 2003. Biología, autoecología y toxicología de las principales especies del género Dinophysis asociadas a episodios de intoxicación diarreogénica por bivalvos (DSP). Tesis de Doctorado. Departamento de Ecología. Barcelona, Universidad de Barcelona. 311.
  • Steidinger, K. A. & Tangen, K. 1996. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates. In: C.R. Tomas (ed). Academic Press, New York, 387-598.
  • Steidinger, Karen A. and Karl Tangen / Carmelo R. Tomas ed. 1997. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 387-584
  • Taylor, F. J. R. 1987. General Group characteristics; special features of interest, short history of dinoflagellate study. The biology of dinoflagellates. In: Taylor, F. J. R. Blackwell, Oxford. 1-23
  • Taylor, F. J. R., Fukuyo, Y. & Larsen, J. 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. In: Hallegraeff, G. M., Anderson, D. M. & Cembella, A. D. (eds.). UNESCO, France: 283-317
  • Zingone, A., Montresor M. & Marino D. 1998. Morphological variability of the potentially toxic dinoflagellate Dinophysis sacculus (Dinophyceae) and its taxonomic relationships with D. pavillardii and D. acuminata. Eur. J. Phycol. (33): 259-273.


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