The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Aiyar, R.G. 1936. Mortality of fish of the Madras coast in June 1935. Current Sci. 4: 488-489.
  • BOLZE Frédéric, KUPFER Michel, in : DORIS, 1/5/2013 : Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921,
  • Bhimachar, B.S. & P.C. George 1950. Abrupt set-backs in the fisheries of the Malabar and Kanara coasts and 'red water' phenomenon as their probable cause. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (B) 31: 339-350.
  • Chang, F.H. 2000. Pink blooms in the spring in Wellington Harbour. Aquaculture Update 24: 10-12.
  • Dodge, J.D. 1973. The Fine Structure of Algal Cells. Academic Press, London. 261 pp.
  • Dodge, J.D. 1982. Marine Dinoflagellates of the British Isles. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London. 303 pp.
  • Escalera, L; Pazos, Y; Moron, A; Reguera, B. 2007. Noctiluca scintillans may act as a vector of toxigenic microalgae. Harmful Algae 6: 317-320
  • Fukuda Y. & Endoh H. (2006). New details from the complete life cycle of the red-tide dinoflagellate Noctiluca scintillans (Ehrenberg) McCartney. European Journal of Protistology 42: 209-219
  • Fukuyo, Y., H. Takano, M. Chihara & K. Matsuoka 1990. Red Tide Organisms in Japan. An Illustrated Taxonomic Guide. Uchida Rokakuho, Co., Ltd., Tokyo. 407 pp.
  • Hallegraeff, G.M. 1991. Aquaculturists Guide to Harmful Australian Microalgae. Fishing Industry Training Board of Tasmania/CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Hobart, 111 pp.
  • Huang, C. & H. Qi. 1997. The abundance cycle and influence factors on red tide phenomena of Noctiluca scintillans (Dinophyceae) in Dapeng Bay, the South China Sea. J. Plank. Res. 19: 303-318.
  • Kofoid, C.A. & O. Swezy 1921. The free-living unarmored dinoflagellata. Mem. Univ. Calif. 5: 1-562.
  • Lebour, M.V. 1925. The Dinoflagellates of Northern Seas. Marine Biol. Assoc. U.K., Plymouth. 250 pp.
  • Lucas, I.A.N. 1982. Observations on Noctiluca scintillans Macartney (Ehrenb.) (Dinophyceae) with notes on an intracellular bacterium. J. Plank. Res. 4: 401-409.
  • Okaichi, T. & S. Nishio 1976. Identification of ammonia as the toxic principle of red tide of Noctiluca miliaris. Bull. Plank. Soc. Jpn. 23: 75-80.
  • Steidinger, K.A. & K. Tangen 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: C.R. Tomas (ed.), Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates, Academic Press, New York: 387-598.
  • Steidinger, Karen A. and Karl Tangen / Carmelo R. Tomas ed. 1997. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 387-584
  • Sweeney, B.M. 1978. Ultrastructure of Noctiluca miliaris (Pyrrophyta) with green symbionts. J. Phycol. 14: 116-120.
  • Taylor, F.J.R. 1976. Dinoflagellates from the International Indian Ocean Expedition. A report on material collected by the R.V. "Anton Bruun" 1963-1964. Bibl. Bot. 132. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart. 234 pp., pls. 46.
  • Taylor, F.J.R., Y. Fukuyo & J. Larsen 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson & A.D. Cembella (eds.), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.
  • Taylor, FJR; Fukuyo, Y; Larsen, J; Hallegraeff, GM. 2003. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson & A.D. Cembella (eds.), Manual of Harmful Marine Microalgae, Monographs on oceanic methodology 11, UNESCO Publishing, Paris, pp.389-432.
  • Tomas C ed. (1996) Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. pp 598. Academic Press Ltd. London
  • Zingmark, R.G. 1970. Sexual reproduction in the dinoflagellate Noctiluca miliaris Suriray. J. Phycol. 6: 122-126.


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