Small to medium flies, resembling sarcophagids. Metathoracic spiracle with both anterior and posterior fringes small, subscutellum convex but weakly developed, never greatly swollen as in tachinids. Wing vein M usually with a more or less obtuse bend, but almost rectangular in some species with long petiolate cell r4+5, or M ending freely in wing membrane. Lower calypter tongue-shaped or oval, diverging from scutellum. Female ovipositing freely (i.e. not on food source). Larvae endoparasitic in terrestrial isopods. First instar larva with completely reduced labrum and closely adpressed mandibles with anterodorsal teeth or serrations. (Wood 1987, Pape 1998)
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:31
Specimens with Barcodes:31
Species With Barcodes:7
They are small slender black bristly flies phylogenetically close to Tachinidae although some authors consider them a sister group of Calliphoridae. The larvae are mostly parasitoids of woodlice, beetles, spiders, and other arthropods, and occasionally snails.
- Bezzimyia Townsend, 1919
- Melanophora Meigen, 1803
- Paykullia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
- Phyto Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
- Rhinophora Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
- Stevenia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
- Styloneuria Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891
- Tricogena Róndani, 1856
- Nihei, S. S. and M. R. de Andrade. (2014). Revision of Trypetidomima (Diptera: Rhinophoridae) with description of a new Brazilian species. Florida Entomologist 97(2) 724-33.
- Cerretti, P., et al. (2014). Remarkable Rhinophoridae in a growing generic genealogy (Diptera: Calyptratae, Oestroidea). Systematic Entomology 39(4) 660–90.
- Rhinophoridae. Fauna Europaea.
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