The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Balech, E. (1995). The Genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata), Sherkin Island Marine Station, Ireland. 151 pp.
  • Hsia, M., S. Morton, L. Smith, K. Beauchesne, K. Huncik & P. Moeller. (2006). Production of goniodomin A by the planktonic, chainforming dinoflagellate Alexandrium monilatum (Howell) Balelch isolated from the Gulf Coast of the United States. Harmful Algae 5:290?299
  • Montero, M.V., Bustamante, E.F., Guzman, J.C., & Vargas, J.C. (2008). Harmful blooms by noxious dinoflagellates in the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Hidrobiologica 18:15-23.
  • Perry, H.M., Stuck, K.C. & Howse, H.D. (1979). First record of a bloom of Gonyaulax monilata in coastal waters of Mississippi, Gulf Res. Rep. 6: 313?316.
  • Steidinger, Karen A. and Karl Tangen / Carmelo R. Tomas ed. 1997. Dinoflagellates. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. 387-584
  • Streftaris N., Zenetos A. & Papathanassiou E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems ? the story of non indigenous marine species across European Seas. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 43, 419?453.
  • Taylor, F.J.R., Fukuyo, Y. & Larsen, J. (1995). Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson and A.D. Cembella (eds), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.
  • Tomas C ed. (1997). Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. pp 598. Academic Press Ltd. London
  • Walker, L.M. & Steidinger, K.A. (1979). Sexual reproduction in the toxic dinoflagellate Gonyaulax monilata. J. Phycol. 15: 312-315.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!