The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (3) 14, 262.
  • Staines, C. L. 2002. The New World tribes and genera of hispines (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, vol. 104, no. 3. 721-784
  • Uhmann, Erich. 1957. Chrysomelidae: Hispinae, Hispinae Americanae. Coleopterorum Catalogus Supplementa, Pars 35, Fasc. 1. vii + 153


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