The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Collette, Bruce B., and Grace Klein-MacPhee, eds. 2002. Cartilaginous Fishes: Class Chondrichthyes. Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, Third Edition. 21-81
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
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