The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Ackery P R, de Jong R, Vane-Wright R I. 1999. The butterflies: Hedyloidea, Hesperioidea, and Papilionoidea. 264-300. in Kristensen N P ed. Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology Vol. IV, Part 35, De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.
  • Ackery, P. R., R. de Jong, and R. I. Vane-Wright. 1999. The butterflies: Hedyloidea, Hesperioidea, and Papilionoidea. Pages 264-300 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology Vol. IV, Part 35. N. P. Kristensen, ed. De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.
  • Braby MF, Vila R, Pierce NE. 2006. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea): higher classification and biogeography. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 147(2), 239-275.
  • Braby MF. 2005. Provisional checklist of genera of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Zootaxa, 832, 1-16.
  • Braby, M. F. 2005. Provisional checklist of genera of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Zootaxa 832:1–16.
  • Braby, M., R. Vila, and N. E. Pierce. 2006. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea): higher classification and biogeography. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 147(2):239-275.
  • Bridges CA. 1988. Catalogue of Papilionidae and Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Charles A. Bridges, Urbana, Illinois, .
  • Bridges, C. A. 1988. Catalogue of Papilionidae and Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Urbana, Illinois: Charles A. Bridges.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2014. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication. illinoiswildflowers.info, version (11/2014) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Lamas G. 2004. Pieridae. 99-117. in Lamas G ed. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea, Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera, Gainesville.
  • Lamas, G. 2004. Pieridae. In: Lamas G, ed. Checklist: Part 4a Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea. In: Heppner JB, ed. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera, Vol. 5A. Gainesville: Association for Tropical Lepidoptera/Scientific Publishers, 99–117.
  • Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658
  • Pollock D D, Watt W B, Rashbrook V K, Iyengar E V. 1998. Molecular phylogeny for Colias butterflies and their relatives (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 91, 524-531.
  • Pollock, D. D., W. B. Watt, V. K. Rashbrook, and E. V. Iyengar. 1998. Molecular phylogeny for Colias butterflies and their relatives (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 91(5):524-531.
  • Stavenga DG, Stowe S, Siebke K, Zeil J, arikawa K. 2004. Butterfly wing colours: scale beads make white pierid wings brighter. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 271, 1577-1584.
  • Stavenga, D. G., S. Stowe, K. Siebke, J. Zeil, and K. Arikawa. 2004. Butterfly wing colours: scale beads make white pierid wings brighter. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 271:1577–1584.

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