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SummaryMauremys reevesii, Reeves’ Turtle (or Chinese Three-keeled Pond Turtle) (Family Geoemydidae), is a moderate-sized aquatic species (carapace length to 300 mm) widely distributed in East Asia throughout central and eastern continental China, exclusive of the most southern, western, and northern regions, and including Taiwan, southern Japan, and part of the Korean peninsula. However, the native distribution has been extended by human-aided translocations. The turtle lives in freshwater habitats in lowland areas with still or slowly moving water. Although no concrete data are available regarding the status of most populations, it is apparent that most have experienced major declines as a result of habitat destruction and/or commercial over-exploitation. Intentional and accidental releases of specimens from continental Asia may be altering the genetic stock of Japanese populations. Effective conservation of the species will require habitat protection and regulations to control the collection and transportation of wild animals. Additional studies are needed on the status, life history, and demography of the species.