The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bradley, R.A. 2013. Common Spiders of North America. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Breene, R. G., D. Allen Dean, G. B. Edwards, Blain Hebert, Herbert W. Levi, Gail Manning, et al. 2003. Common Names of Arachnids, Fifth Edition. 42
  • Candek, Klemen, Gregoric, Matjaz, Kostanjsek, Rok, Frick, Holger, Kropf, Christian, Kuntner, Matjaz, Miller, Jeremy A., Hoeksema, Bert W. (2013): Targeting a portion of central European spider diversity for permanent preservation. Biodiversity Data Journal 1, 980: 980-980, URL:
  • Dacke, M., D.-E. Nilsson, E.J. Warrant, et al.1999. Built-in polarizers form part of a compass organ in spiders. Nature 401: 470-473.
  • Dacke, M., T.A. Doan, and D.C. O'Carroll. 2001. Polarized light detection in spiders. The Journal of Experimental Biology 204: 2481-2490.
  • Deltshev, Christo, Komnenov, Marjan, Blagoev, Gergin, Georgiev, Teodor, Lazarov, Stoyan, Stojkoska, Emilija, Naumova, Maria (2013): Faunistic diversity of spiders (Araneae) in Galichitsa mountain (FYR Macedonia). Biodiversity Data Journal 1, 977: 977-977, URL:
  • Mueller, K.P. and T. Labhart. 2010. Polarizing optics in a spider eye. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 196: 335-348.
  • Platnick, N. I. 2013. The world spider catalog, version 14.0. American Museum of Natural History, online at
  • Platnick, N.I. 2002. A Revision of the Australasian Ground Spiders of the Families Ammoxenidae, Cithaeronidae, Gallieniellidae, and Trochanteriidae (Araneae: Gnaphosoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History No. 271. 243 pp., 661 figures, 50 maps
  • Platnick, N.I. and M.U. Shadab. 1988. A Revision of the American Spiders of the Genus Micaria (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates No. 2916: 1-64.
  • Ubick, D.. 2005. Gnaphosidae. Pp. 106-111 in D. Ubick, P. Paquin, P.E. Cushing, and V. Roth (eds.) Spiders of North America: an Identification Manual. American Arachnological Society.
  • WoRMS (2014). Gnaphosidae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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