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Description

Dioecious, less often monoecious, trees, shrubs or herbs. Indumentum simple. Leaves simple, alternate, entire. Flowers in axillary fascicles; female flowers sometimes solitary. Male flowers: pedicels jointed; sepals 5, imbricate; petals 5, free, clawed; disk with glands in 1-3 series on the sepals, petals and receptacle; stamens 5; pistillode present. Female flowers: sepals and petals as in male but persistent and hardening in fruit; ovary 3-locular with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 3. Fruit splitting into 3 2-valved cocci. Seeds shiny, black.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Wikipedia

Clutia

Clutia is a plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae. It is native to sub-Saharan Africa and to the Arabian Peninsula.[4][3][5]

Species[3]
  1. Clutia abyssinica - E + SE + S Africa
  2. Clutia affinis - southern Africa
  3. Clutia africana - Cape Province
  4. Clutia alaternoides - Cape Province
  5. Clutia alpina - Cape Province
  6. Clutia angustifolia - C + SC Africa
  7. Clutia benguelensis - Angola
  8. Clutia brassii - Malawi
  9. Clutia brevifolia - Cape Province
  10. Clutia conferta - Malawi
  11. Clutia cordata - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  12. Clutia daphnoides - Cape Province
  13. Clutia disceptata - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  14. Clutia dregeana - Cape Province
  15. Clutia eckloniana - Cape Province
  16. Clutia ericoides - Cape Province
  17. Clutia galpinii - Botswana, Limpopo
  18. Clutia govaertsii - Cape Province
  19. Clutia heterophylla - Cape Province
  20. Clutia hirsuta - southern Africa
  21. Clutia × hybrida - KwaZulu-Natal
  22. Clutia imbricata - Cape Province
  23. Clutia impedita - Cape Province
  24. Clutia jaubertiana - Yemen
  25. Clutia kamerunica - Cameroon
  26. Clutia katharinae - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  27. Clutia kilimandscharica - Ethiopia to Zimbabwe
  28. Clutia lanceolata - Yemen
  29. Clutia laxa - Swaziland, South Africa
  30. Clutia marginata - Cape Province
  31. Clutia monticola - southern Africa
  32. Clutia myricoides - Ethiopia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia
  33. Clutia nana - Lesotho, South Africa
  34. Clutia natalensis - Lesotho, South Africa
  35. Clutia ovalis - Cape Province
  36. Clutia paxii - Burundi to Zimbabwe
  37. Clutia pentheriana - Cape Province
  38. Clutia platyphylla - Cape Province
  39. Clutia polifolia - Cape Province
  40. Clutia polyadenia - Tanzania
  41. Clutia polygonoides - Cape Province
  42. Clutia pterogona - Cape Province
  43. Clutia pubescens - Cape Province
  44. Clutia pulchella - southern Africa
  45. Clutia punctata - Zimbabwe
  46. Clutia richardiana - Eritrea, Ethiopia, Yemen
  47. Clutia rubricaulis - Cape Province
  48. Clutia sericea - Cape Province
  49. Clutia sessilifolia - Zimbabwe
  50. Clutia stuhlmannii - Tanzania, Burundi
  51. Clutia swynnertonii - Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique
  52. Clutia thunbergii - Cape Province
  53. Clutia timpermaniana - Congo
  54. Clutia tomentosa - Cape Province
  55. Clutia virgata - Swaziland, South Africa
  56. Clutia whytei - Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia
formerly included[3]

moved to other genera (Bridelia Cleistanthus Croton Ditaxis Lachnostylis Phyllanthus Pseudophyllanthus Sauropus Trigonostemon )

  1. C. acuminata - Lachnostylis hirta
  2. C. androgyna - Sauropus androgynus
  3. C. berberifolia - Phyllanthus calycinus
  4. C. berteroana - Ditaxis polygama
  5. C. cascarilla - Croton eluteria
  6. C. collina - Cleistanthus collinus
  7. C. diversifolia - Cleistanthus diversifolius
  8. C. eluteria - Croton eluteria
  9. C. hirta - Lachnostylis hirta
  10. C. monoica - Cleistanthus monoicus
  11. C. oblongifolia - Cleistanthus oblongifolius
  12. C. ovalis (E.Mey. ex Sond.) Scheele 1853 not Sond. 1850 - Pseudophyllanthus ovalis
  13. C. patula - Cleistanthus patulus
  14. C. retusa - Bridelia retusa
  15. C. scandens - Bridelia stipularis
  16. C. semperflorens - Trigonostemon semperflorens
  17. C. sempervirens - Trigonostemon semperflorens
  18. C. spinosa - Bridelia retusa
  19. C. squamosa - Bridelia retusa
  20. C. stipularis - Bridelia stipularis

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1824 illustration From: The botanical register by Sydenham Teast Edwards and others. London, James Ridgeway, 1824, volume 10 (plate 779).
  2. ^ lectotype designated by M. L. Green in Hitchcock et M. L. Green, Prop. Brit. Bot. 193 (1929).
  3. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 1042
  5. ^ Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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