Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Nymphalidae Rafinesque 1815 Preferred
Heliconiidae Other, see comments

IRMNG

Name Relationship
Nymphalidae Preferred
Neptis Hübner 1819 Synonym
Hamadryas Hübner, 1808
Hamadryas Hübner 1806
Nymphalis Linnaeus 1758
Bruasa Moore 1894
Atharia Moore 1898
Hamadryodes Moore 1898
Alcyoneis Hübner 1819
Euralia Westwood in Doubleday & Westwood, 1850
Calysisme Moore 1880
Andasenodes Moore 1898
Cyllo Boisduval in d'Urville, 1832
Mimargyra Reuss 1922
Danais Latreille 1819
Danaomorpha Kremky 1925
Bimbisara Moore 1898
Abananote Potts 1943
Ammiralis Rennie 1832
Xeniconympha Novický 1923
Diogas d'Almeida 1938
Murwareda Moore 1896
Thymipa Moore 1893
Jatana Moore 1880
Suralaya Moore 1880
Kabanda Moore 1880
Panlymnas Bryk 1937
Virapa Moore 1880
Physcon Nicéville 1898
Pareriboea Hemming, 1964
Sevanda Moore 1880
Nissanga Moore 1880
Mimadelias Moore 1894
Aresta Dalman in Billberg, 1820
Lohora Moore 1880
Sadarga Moore 1880
Kallimula Holland 1920
Rahinda Moore 1881
Hyades Boisduval in d'Urville, 1832
Nebdara Moore 1880
Tagatsia Moore 1898
Festivus Crotch 1872
Morphotenaris Fruhstorfer 1893
Elymnotaenaris Fruhstorfer in Seitz, 1911
Eucalia Felder 1861
Neopyrameis Scudder 1889
Phanopeltis Mabille 1887
Coatlantona Kirby 1871
Morphotaenaris Fruhstorfer 1905
Mines Boisduval in d'Urville, 1832
Pseudomaniola Röber in Staudinger & Schatz, 1889
Physcoeneura Kirby 1871
Euthaleopsis Talbot 1932
Xeuxidia Young 1903
Zipoetes Marshall & Nicéville 1883
Stictophthalmia Elwes 1888
Platyphthima Rothschild & Jordan, 1905
Bulboneura Staudinger in Staudinger & Schatz, 1886
Moepho Billberg 1820
Acrophthalmia Felder 1866
Acea Wytsman in Kirby, 1897
Orsotrioena Bingham 1905
Ziboetes Wood-Mason 1881
Synchloë Doubleday in Doubleday & Westwood, 1847
Amphichlora Felder 1861
Euryphanes Godman & Salvin 1880
Zonaga Billberg 1820
Macclungia Ferreira d'Almeida 1944
Stictopthalma Elwes 1888
Antirrhaea Herrich-Schäffer, 1864
Pyrrhagyra Doubleday 1844
Yphthima Doubleday 1844
Marosia Moore, 1898 &, 1899
Mydosama Moore 1880
Hipparchioides Butler 1867
Andrasenodes Moore, 1898
Kolasa Moore 1893
Geirocheilus Holland 1898
Amphlichlora Scudder 1875
Catogramma Boisduval in Cuvier, 1836-49
Orstriaena Young 1903
Physconeura Schouteden 1926
Cysteonevra Agassiz 1846
Mauerebia Gaede 1931
Iasius Westwood in Doubleday & Westwood, 1850
Euomma Felder 1867
Eugramma Billberg 1820
Lelex Nicéville 1899
Eryphane Boisduval 1870
Mnestra Kirby 1871
Bliblis Blanchard in Brullé, 1840
Haywardina Forster 1964
Zeuxidea Distant 1886
Neptidomima Holland 1920
Peridromia Lacordaire 1833
Peridromia Boisduval in Cuvier, 1846
Eulaceüra Butler 1872
Synchloe Doubleday in Doubleday & Westwood, 1847
Eulepis Scudder 1875
Castalia Moore in Horsfield & Moore, 1857
Hypolimnus
Tauria
Faunus Blanchard in d'Orbigny, 1846
Cirrhochroa Grose-Smith in Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1898
Diadema Boisduval in d'Urville, 1832
Dynamena Agassiz 1846
Hamadryas Boisduval in d'Urville, 1832
Hamadryas Mikan, 1821
Danis Lucas 1889
Aphanopeltis Mabille 1887
Fieldia Niculescu 1979
Aglaura Herrich-Schaffer 1849
Idioneura Felder 1867
Pandora Doubleday in Doubleday & Westwood, 1848
Paphia Fabricius 1807
Esperella Nekrutenko 1987
Eudryas Reuss 1926
Danaus Latreille 1809
Danaus Linnaeus 1758
Thaumantias Kirby 1894
Ageronia Hübner 1819
Theope Moore in Horsfield & Moore, 1857
Polymastus Thieme 1907
Esperia Nekrutenko 1987
Dyctis Boisduval in d'Urville, 1832
Gnesia Doubleday in Doubleday & Westwood, 1848
Martanda Moore 1880
Parthenus Agassiz 1846
Neomenas Kirby 1877
Phanessa Sodovsky 1837
Acca Hübner 1819
Nadiria Moore 1893
Pandima Moore 1893
Calinago Herrich-Schäffer, 1864
Discophorus Boisduval 1836
Philocala Billberg 1820
Pharia Fruhstorfer in Seitz, 1911
Melanagria Staudinger in Staudinger & Wocke, 1861
Chersonea Schatz in Staudinger & Schatz, 1888
Arachnia Agassiz 1846
Lucina Rafinesque 1815
Tasitia Moore 1883
Eteone Staudinger in Staudinger & Schatz, 1887
Seokia Shibatani 1943
Telinga Moore 1880
Haridra Moore 1880
Phaedima Semper 1889
Enope Moore in Horsfield & Moore, 1857
Crenis Boisduval 1833
Euryphene Westwood in Doubleday & Westwood, 1850
Loesa Moore 1880
Telchinia Hübner 1819
Argyeeus Billberg 1820
Argyrea Billberg 1820
Danus Mitchell 1872
Dasyomma Felder 1860
Celebina Fruhstorfer 1898
Amnosia Doubleday 1844
Dalapa Moore 1880
Samanta Moore 1880
Albericia Dufrane 1945
Hipio Hübner 1819
Samundra Moore 1891
Ereba Billberg 1820
Hypocista Hewitson 1863
Solenites Mabille 1887
Apaturia Sodovsky 1837
Fulvia Higgins 1959
Alazonia Hübner 1819
Andrapana Moore 1898
Stabrobates Moore 1898
Culapa Moore 1879
Gareris Moore 1880
Calornis Dalman in Billberg, 1820
Idiomorphus Doumet 1861
Philonoma Billberg 1820
Danaida Latreille 1804
Paraneptis Moore 1898
Nasapa Moore 1880
Stonehamia Cowan 1968
Monura Mabille 1876
Satoa Moore 1880
Myrtilus Nicéville 1891
Neocoeuyra Gaede 1931
Pseudomaniola Weymer in Weymer & Maassen, 1890
Thaumantes Hering 1926
Heliconius Latreille 1804
Cymothoë Hübner, 1819
Melinaea Sodovsky 1837
Pachama Moore 1880
Salatura Moore 1880
Olina Doubleday in Doubleday & Westwood, 1848
Rasalia Moore 1898
Tanaëcia Butler 1869
Coenura Gaede 1931
Sevenia Koçak, 1996
Hypocyste Gaede 1931
Alcionea Rafinesque 1815
Sicyonia Hübner 1816
Neorhina Fruhstorfer 1893
Caeratinia Haensch 1899
Pelia Doubleday in Doubleday & Westwood, 1849
Dallacha Moore, 1892 &, 1893
Amathrsia Oken 1815
Caerous Herrich-Schäffer 1865
Lonia Ferreira d'Almeida 1945
Anadebis Butler 1867
Acrea Bethune-Baker 1908
Phiciodes Hübner 1826
Messaras Doubleday in Doubleday & Westwood, 1848
Lohana Moore 1893
Anicia Salvin 1869
Actinota Agassiz 1846
Polymastor Gaede 1931
Acroea Boisduval 1850
Manataria Kirby 1900
Thauris Pagenstecher 1909
Kalkasia Moore 1898
Agrusia Moore 1894
Jasia Swainson 1831
Iphthima Agassiz 1846
Euryphanis Boisduval 1870
Anelia Hübner 1823
Hyalites Doubleday in Doubleday & Westwood, 1848
Raphicera Butler, 1867
Euryphena Feisthamel 1850
Esoptria Hübner 1819
Melynias Moore 1894
Eriboea Hübner 1819
Melatanis Mabille 1876
Nasuma Moore 1883
Pyrrhopyga Hemming 1941
Leminitis Rennie 1832
Dunonia Mabille 1876
Asteropa Agassiz 1846
Callitaenia Felder 1861
Cyanandra Röber in Staudinger & Schatz, 1892
Neocenyra Carpenter 1928
Tagyris Haensch in Seitz, 1909
Dynamina Agassiz 1846
Mechanites Hübner 1820
Dynamites Kirby in Wytsman, 1898-1903
Zeunidia Evans 1923
Indalasa Moore 1880
Harsiësis Fruhstorfer in Seitz, 1911
Sycionia Hübner 1826
Thimeia Gaede 1931
Euptichia Geyer in Hübner, 1832
Geirochilus Edwards 1874
Pyrameides Hübner 1826
Methoma Burmeister 1878
Ecesia Weeks 1906
Symphedra Doubleday 1844
Behearia Hemming 1967
Peridromia Boisduval 1836

IRMNG

Name Relationship
Heliconiidae Preferred
Evides Agassiz 1846
Agraubis Herrich-Schäffer, 1865
Eucides Ménétriés 1857
Eveides Boisduval 1870

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