The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bedford, J. M. 1997. Unusual nature and possible evolutionary implications of the male vesicular gland secretion in the tree shrew, Tupaia glis. Anatomical Record 247:199-205.
  • Bloch, J. I. and D. M. Boyer. 2002. Grasping primate origins. Science 298:1606?1610.
  • Corbert, G. B. and J. E. Hill. 1992. The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region: A Systematic Review. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Emmons, L. H., 2000. Tupai: A Field Study of Bornean Treeshrews. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Han, K. H., F. H. Sheldon, and R. B. Stuebing. 2000. Interspecific relationships and biogeography of some Bornean tree shrews (Tupaiidae : Tupaia), based on DNA hybridization and morphometric comparisons. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70:1-14.
  • Luckett, W. P. (ed.) 1980. Comparative Biology and Evolutionary Relationships of Tree Shrews. Plenum Press, New York.
  • Martin, R. D. 2001. Tree Shrews. Pages 426?431 in: The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. D. Macdonald, ed. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • McKenna, M. C. and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Nowak, R.M. 1999. Order Scandentia. Pages 244-249 in: Walker's Mammals of the World. Sixth Edition. Volume I. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Olson, L. E., E. J. Sargis, and R. D. Martin. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships among treeshrews (Scandentia): a review and critique of the morphological evidence. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 11:49?71.
  • Olson, L. E., E. J. Sargis, and R. D. Martin. 2005. Intraordinal phylogenetics of treeshrews (Mammalia: Scandentia) based on evidence from the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35:656-673.
  • Sargis, E. J. 2002. Functional morphology of the forelimb of tupaiids (Mammalia, Scandentia) and its phylogenetic implications. Journal of Morphology 253:10?42.
  • Sargis, E. J. 2002. The postcranial morphology of Ptilocercus lowii (Scandentia, Tupaiidae): an analysis of primatomorphan and volitantian characters. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 9:137?160.
  • Sargis, E. J., 1999. Tree Shrews. Pages 1286?1287 in: Encyclopedia of Paleontology. R. Singer, ed. Fitzroy Dearborn, Chicago.
  • Schlitter, D. A. 1993. Order Macroscelidea. Pages 829-830 in Mammal Species of the World. Second Edition. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder, eds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
  • Schmitz, J., M. Ohme, and H. Zischler.2000. The complete mitochondrial genome of Tupaia belangeri and the phylogenetic affiliation of Scandentia to other eutherian orders. Molecular Biology and Evolution 17:1334?1343.
  • Wible, J. R. and U. Zeller. 1994. Cranial circulation of the pen-tailed tree shrew Ptilocercus lowii and relationships of Scandentia. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 2:209-230.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Yates, T. L. 1984. Insectivores, elephant shrews, tree shrews, and dermopterans. Pages 117-144 in Orders and Families of Recent Mammals of the World. (S. Anderson and J. K. Jones, Jr., eds.) John Wiley and Sons.


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