The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Barbosa, P., J. Greenblatt. 1979. Suitability, digestibility and assimilation of various host plants of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar L.. Oecologia, 43/1: 111-119.
  • Beccaloni G., Scoble M., Kitching I., Simonsen T., Robinson G., Pitkin B., Hine A. & Lyal C. (2015). LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (version 12.3, Jan 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Elkinton, J., W. Healy, J. Buonaccorsi, G. Boettner, A. Hazzard, H. Smith, A. Liebhold. 1996. Interactions among gypsy moths, white-footed mice, and acorns. Ecology, 77/8: 2332-2342.
  • Gould, J., J. Elkinton, W. Wallner. 1990. Density-dependent suppression of experimentally created gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae), populations by natural enemies. Journal of Animal Ecology, 59/1: 213-233.
  • Hajek, A., P. Tobin. 2009. North American Eradications of Asian and European Gypsy Moth. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
  • Hodges, Ronald W., et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. xxiv + 284
  • Jones, C., R. Ostfeld, M. Richard, E. Schauber, J. Wolff. 1998. Chain reactions linking acorns to gypsy moth outbreaks and Lyme disease risk. Science, 279/5353: 1023-1026.
  • Lafontaine, J. Donald, and B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys, vol. 40. 1-239
  • Liebhold, A., J. Halverson, G. Elmes. 1992. Gypsy moth invasion in North America — a quantitative analysis. Journal of Biogeography, 19/5: 513-520.
  • McManus, M., N. Schneeberger, R. Reardon, G. Mason. 1989. Forest Insect and Disease: Gypsy Moth. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
  • Munson, A., J. Hanson. 1981. Pest Alert: Gypsy Moth. St. Paul, MN: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
  • National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) and IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). Lymantria dispar (insect). 49. Baltimore: Global Invasive Species Database. 2011.
  • Poole, Robert W. / Poole, Robert W., and Patricia Gentili, eds. 1996. Lepidoptera. Nomina Insecta Nearctica: A Check List of the Insects of North America, vol. 3: Diptera, Lepidoptera, Siphonaptera. 605-1122
  • Redman, A., J. Scriber. 2000. Competition between the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, and the northern tiger swallowtail, Papilio canadensis: interactions mediated by host plant chemistry, pathogens, and parasitoids. Oecologia, 125/2: 218-228.
  • Reineke, A., C. Zebitz. 1998. Flight ability of gypsy moth females (Lymantria dispar L.) (Lep., Lymantriidae): A behavioural feature characterizing moths from Asia?. Journal of Applied Entomology, 122/6: 307-310.
  • Roden, D., W. Mattson. 2008. Rapid induced resistance and host species effects on gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.): Implications for outbreaks on three tree species in the boreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 255/5-6: 1868-1873.
  • Rossiter, M. 1991. Maternal effects generate variation in life-history - consequences of egg weight plasticity in the gypsy moth. Functional Ecology, 5/3: 386-393.
  • Timms, L., S. Smith. 2011. Effects of gypsy moth establishment and dominance in native caterpillar communities of northern oak forests. Canadian Entomologist, 143/5: 479-503.
  • United States Department of Agriculture. Diseases of the gypsy moth: How they help to regulate populations. 539. Washington, D.C.: Agriculture Handbook. 1979.
  • United States Department of Agriculture. The homeowner and the gypsy moth: Guidelines for control. 227. Washington, D.C.: Home and Garden Bulletin. 1979.
  • United States Department of the Interior National Park Service. Gypsy Moth. 2. Washington, D.C.: Integrated Pest Management Manual. 2009.
  • Work, T., D. McCullough. 2000. Lepidopteran communities in two forest ecosystems during the first gypsy moth outbreaks in northern Michigan. Environmental Entomology, 29/5: 884-900.


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