Overview

Brief Summary

Diversity

Diversity description:

One Subfamily, five tribes, 350 genera, and 2,500 species.

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Distribution

Geographical Distribution

Geographic Range:

Nearctic, Palearctic, Oriental, Ethiopian, Neotropical, Australian, Oceanic Island

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Physical Description

Morphology

Egg morphology

Orientation:

upright

Egg mass pattern:

The eggs mass pattern varies among species within the lymantria. Eggs can be laid in large masses, often covered by female terminal hair. Many species also cover the eggs in a frothy secretion. (Scoble 1992) Other species have been observed placing smaller amounts of eggs under tree bark scales, or using material to create a sort of camouflage. (Schaefer 1988)

Description of egg morphology:

spherical, hemispherical or subcylindrical. (Scoble 1992)

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Larvae Morphology

Secondary setae:

present

Body setae on verrucae:

present

Larval body description:

Often brightly colored

Larval abdomen description:

Two medial dorsal glands on the sixth and seventh abdominal segments. Somewhat eversible, function not determined, possibly defensive (Schaefer, 1988).

Abdominal glands:

present

Abdominal prolegs:

present

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Pupa/Cocoon morphology

Cocoon:

present

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Adult Abdomen Morphology

Female corethrogyne:

present

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Adult Thorax Morphology

Number of tibial spurs foreleg:

from 0

Number of tibial spurs midleg:

from 2

Number of tibial spurs hindleg:

from 2 to 4

Leg description:

The adult forelegs are hairy (Kitching, Rawlins 1998)

Forewing description:

areole is either present or absent (Scoble 1992)

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Tympanum Morphology

Counter-tympanum:

present

Counter-tympanum description:

located at the base of the abdomen, prespiracular. (Scoble 1992)

Abdomen tympanum:

present

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Adult Head Morphology

Ocelli:

absent

Maxillary palpus:

absent, minute

Number of maxillary palp segments:

from 0 to 1

Proboscis:

absent, reduced

Proboscis description:

Non-functional haustellum.

Mandibles:

absent

Male antennae:

bipectinate

Male scape description:

Pectinations are stronger in the male, end in 1-3 long spinules. (Scoble 1992)

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Diagnostic Description

Synapomorphies

Apomorphies:

Larvae have a mid-dorsal yellow/red gland on A6 and often on A7 that is eversible.  In resting position, wings are held in a broad triangle. They are pressed against the substrate; the forelegs are extended in front of the head

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Ecology

Associations

Animal / parasitoid / endoparasitoid
larva of Carcelia rasa is endoparasitoid of larva of Lymantriidae

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Larval Behavior

Larval behavior:

diurnal, nocturnal

Larval behavior:

Species exhibit both stenophagy and polyphagy feeding habits.

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Adult Behavior

Adult behavior:

diurnal, nocturnal

Adult behavior:

It is speculated that arctic dwelling species have evolved to be diurnal because of continuous summer daylight (Schaefer, 1988).

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Reproduction

Life History: Immature Stages

Larval food habits description:

Poorly recorded. Mainly on forest and shade trees. Less common are shrubs, vines, herbs, and grasses (Schaefer, 1988).

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 6730
Specimens with Sequences: 6218
Specimens with Barcodes: 5829
Species: 612
Species With Barcodes: 576
Public Records: 2171
Public Species: 208
Public BINs: 350
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Barcode data: Lymantriidae spAS1

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lymantriidae spAS1

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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