Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Perennials, 40–100 cm, somewhat aromatic; rhizomes creeping, woody. Stems relatively numerous, erect, brown, mostly simple (brittle, bases woody) canescent or glabrate. Leaves cauline, grayish green; sessile (proximalmost short-petiolate); blades triangular to ovate, 1–5 × 1–3 cm, 2–3-pinnatifid (lobes 0.5–1 mm wide, acute), faces pubescent (abaxial) or hairy to glabrate (adaxial). Heads (nodding) in paniculiform arrays 10–22 × 2–4 cm. Involucres spheric, 1.5–2(–3) mm. Phyllaries (subequal) linear, hairy. Florets: pistillate 10–12; bisexual 40–45; corollas pale yellow, 0.2–0.3 mm, sometimes gland-dotted (stigma lobes relatively short, not emerging from tubes, short-ciliate). Cypselae ellipsoid (angled), 0.1–0.2 mm, glabrous. 2n = 18.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Artemisia pontica

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Artemisia pontica

Artemesia pontica (Roman wormwood or small absinthe) is an herb used in the production of absinthe and vermouth. Originating in southeastern Europe (the specific name refers to the Pontus area on the shores of the Black Sea) it is naturalized over much of Europe and is also found in the wild in northeastern North America. It is called "little absinthe" because it is smaller in stature and leaf than the "great absinthe" A. absinthium. It grows as a rhizomatous perennial with erect stems up to 100 centimetres (39 in) tall; the grey foliage is finely divided and aromatic. Flowers are small, yellowish, and appear in loose panicles at stem tips.

The essential oil contains cineol, camphor, thujone, and borneol among other components.[1] It is said to be less bitter than great absinthe and is the principal flavoring of vermouth.[2] It is commercially cultivated in Spain and Lithuania[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Wright, Colin W. (2003). Artemisia. CRC Press. p. 59. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  3. ^ [2]
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Notes

Comments

Artemisia pontica has finely dissected gray foliage and is widely planted as an ornamental. It escapes locally; it has not been reported as problematic. The only species with which it has been confused in North America is A. abrotanum, which has dark green (not gray) foliage.
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