Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

FishBase

Name Relationship
Clupea harengus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Clupea alba Yarrell, 1829 Synonym
Clupea atlanticus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea borealis Schnakenbeck, 1931 Ambiguous synonym
Clupea britannicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea caledonicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea cimbricus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea elongata Lesueur, 1818
Clupea frisius Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea halec Mitchill, 1814
Clupea harengus atlanticus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus borealis Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus britannicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus caledonicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus cimbricus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus frisius Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus harengus Linnaeus, 1758
Clupea harengus harengus murmanica Tikhonov 1941
Clupea harengus islandicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus ivernicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus membras Linnaeus, 1761
Clupea harengus membras Wulf, 1765
Clupea harengus norvegivus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus scandicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus schelderensis Nilsson 1832
Clupea harengus scoticus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus septemtrionalis Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea islandicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea ivernicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea leachii Yarrell, 1832
Clupea membras Wulf, 1765
Clupea minima Storer, 1839
Clupea norvegivus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea palassi probatowi Makushok 1935
Clupea scandicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea scoticus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea septemtrionalis Schnakenbeck, 1931
Cyprinus esca Walbaum, 1792
Rogenia alba Valenciennes, 1847

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Clupea harengus Preferred
Clupea harengus harengus

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Clupea harengus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Clupea minima Storer, 1839
Clupea harengus scoticus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea palassi probatowi Makushok 1935
Clupea britannicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea caledonicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus caledonicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus borealis Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus britannicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus septemtrionalis Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea alba Yarrell, 1829
Clupea scandicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea norvegivus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus norvegivus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea elongata Lesueur, 1818
Clupea membras Wulf, 1765
Clupea halec Mitchill, 1814
Clupea harengus atlanticus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Cyprinus esca Walbaum, 1792
Clupea leachii Yarrell, 1832
Clupea harengus scandicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea cimbricus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus membras Wulf, 1765
Clupea harengus membras Linnaeus, 1761
Clupea harengus ivernicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus islandicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus harengus murmanica Tikhonov 1941
Clupea harengus harengus Linnaeus, 1758
Clupea harengus schelderensis Nilsson 1832
Rogenia alba Valenciennes, 1847
Clupea harengus cimbricus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea harengus frisius Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea ivernicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea islandicus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea septemtrionalis Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea scoticus Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea borealis Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea frisius Schnakenbeck, 1931
Clupea atlanticus Schnakenbeck, 1931

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