IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

Read full entry


  Common names: croaker (English), cholesca (Espanol), corvinata (Espanol), ronco (Espanol)
Bairdiella armata Gill, 1863

Armed croaker

Body elongate, oblong, compressed; head narrow, cavernous but firm to touch; snout short, blunt, overhangs horizontal mouth; mouth large (reaching to under rear edge of eye), opens at front; chin without barbells, with 5 pores; teeth conical, in rows;  lower gill rakers 14-16, total 22-24, longest raker longer than ½ gill filament behind it; preopercular margin with 8-12 fine spines and two sharp spines at angle, the lowermost directed downwards or slightly forward; dorsal fin X, I, 21-23, deeply notched between spines and rays; anal fin II, 8, second anal spine very strong, longer than base of anal fin but not reaching tail fin; tail fin bluntly rounded; scales rough, except smooth around eyes and on fins; pored lateral-line scales 46-49.

Color mainly silvery with fins (especially pectoral and pelvic fins) slightly yellowish; faint wavy stripes or dots sometimes apparent along horizontal scale rows of body.

Size: reaches maximum length of about 30 cm.

Inhabits inshore shallows, entering estuaries and coastal rivers.

Depth: 1-20 m.

The lower Gulf of California to Colombia.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Belongs to 0 communities

This taxon hasn't been featured in any communities yet.

Learn more about Communities


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!