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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Lives on sand-rubble substrata, symbiotic with Alpheus bellulus (Ref. 11441).
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Distribution

Range Description

Amblyeleotris triguttata has been found in the Red Sea, the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf and off the coast of Kenya and Tanzania.
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Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf (Arabian Gulf).
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Western Indian Ocean: known only from the Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 14 - 15
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Size

Maximum size: 90 mm TL
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Max. size

9.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441))
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Type Information

Paratype for Amblyeleotris triguttata Randall
Catalog Number: USNM 326163
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Randall, L. Mccarthy, B. Stanaland & A. Tarr
Year Collected: 1985
Locality: Persian Gulf: Saudi Arabia, Jana Is., West Side, Reef Flat, Saudi Arabia, Persian Gulf, Indian
Depth (m): 1.5 to 1.5
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. 1994. Fauna of Saudi Arabia. 14: 321, pls. 5-9.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Amblyeleotris triguttata inhabits burrows within a sand-rubble substrate in the vicinity of coral reefs. It lives in symbiosis with the shrimp Alpheus bellulus (Froese and Pauly 2007). This species is found at a depth range of 2 to 17 m.

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth: 2 - 17m.
From 2 to 17 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Lives on sand-rubble substrata, symbiotic with @Alpheus bellulus@.
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 2 - 17 m (Ref. 11441)
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 17 - 17
  Temperature range (°C): 28.262 - 28.262
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.332 - 0.332
  Salinity (PPS): 36.790 - 36.790
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.271 - 4.271
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.262 - 0.262
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.738 - 4.738
 
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Larson, H.K. & Van Tassell, J.

Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Smith, J. & Livingston, F.

Justification
Amblyeleotris triguttata has been assessed as Least Concern. While this species is reported to be harvested for the aquarium trade, it does not appear to be a commonly used species. Considering the short population doubling time of such a species, it will be tolerant of some exploitation. This species occupies a broad geographic range across the western Indian Ocean.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for Amblyeleotris triguttata.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is reportedly harvested for the aquarium trade (Froese and Pauly 2007), however it does not appear to be a common species within the trade. It is unclear as to whether this is due to lack of commercial interest, or species abundance. This species may be undergoing localised declines due to coastal development and pollution, however this is not a significant threat to the global population.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for Amblyeleotris triguttata, however its distribution range may cover a number of marine protected areas.
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