The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Smith, D. G. / Carpenter, Kent E., and Volker H. Niem, eds. 1999. Colocongridae: Colocongrids. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes: The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific, vol. 3: Batoid fishes, chimaeras and Bony fishes, part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). 1670


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!