The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
- Collette, Bruce B. / Collette, Bruce B., and Grace Klein-MacPhee, eds. 2002. Needlefishes: Family Belonidae. Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, Third Edition. 287-289
- Collette, Bruce B. 2003. Family Belonidae Bonaparte 1832: Needlefishes. California Academy of Sciences Annotated Checklists of Fishes, no. 16. 1-22
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al. 1991. Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fifth Edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 20. 183