Beryciformes is a group of morphologically and ecologically diverse fishes found near the base of the spiny-finned fishes (Acanthomorpha)(Near et al., 2013). Members of the Beryciformes are typically found either active on reefs at night (Holocentridae, Anomalopidae, Monocentridae, and a few Trachichthyidae) or living their lives in deep waters usually >200 m depth. Several lineages (Trachichthyidae, Berycidae, Holocentridae) are associated with bottom structures, such as wrecks, deepwater reefs, pinacles, rises, or seamounts. Many other beryciforms are meso- or bathypelagic (Diretmidae, Anoplogastridae), including several families that were formerly separated out as the Stephanoberyciformes (Johnson and Patterson, 1993), such as the Melamphaidae, Rondeletiidae, Barbourisiidae, Cetomimidae. New molecular evolution studies place the members of the Stephanoberyciformes within the Beryciformes (Betancur et al., 2013; Near et al., 2013). Several of those stephanoberycoid lineages show substantial reductions in their ossification (Moore, 1993).
- Betancur-R, R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, J. A. Lopez, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. WIllis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia, & G. Orti. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents 5, 18 Apr 2013.
- Johnson, D. G. & C. Patterson. 1993. Percomorph phylogeny: a survey of acanthomorphs and a new proposal. Bulletin of Marine Science 52(1):554-626.
- Moore, J. A. 1993. The phylogeny of the Trachichthyiformes (Teleostei: Percomorpha). Bulletin of Marine Science 52(1):114-136.
- Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. C. Keck, W. L. Smith, Kristin L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Proce, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman, and P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-finned fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(31):12738-12743.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:1614
Specimens with Barcodes:1560
Species With Barcodes:109
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