Data about <i>Parthenium integrifolium</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Parthenium integrifolium</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Parthenium integrifolium</i>
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Plant growth habit
Additional detail forb/herb
  • Forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail forb/herb
  • Forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail forb/herb
  • Forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail forb/herb
  • Forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail forb/herb
  • Forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant height average
Additional detail 60.96 cm mature Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
average Additional detail 76.2 cm mature Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Ecology

Data about <i>Parthenium integrifolium</i>
Habitat
Additional detail clearing Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG  
Additional detail prairie
  • Prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail prairie
  • Prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Habitat
Additional detail clearing Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest biome
  • Forest biome
    A forest biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, densely packed vegetation which strongly limits light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000174
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hill
  • Hill
    A rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000083
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail limestone
  • Limestone
    A sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002053
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail polynya
  • Polynya
    Any enclosed water area in pack ice other than a lead, not large enough to be called open water. When frozen over, a polyna becomes an ice skylight from the point of view of the submariner.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000484
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • Prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna biome
  • Savanna biome
    A savanna biome is a woodland biome which has seasonal water availability and includes, across its entire spatial extent, trees spaced sufficiently far apart to allow an unbroken layer of grass, sedge (Cyperaceae) or rush (Juncaceae) communities to live.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000178
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shrubland biome
  • Shrubland biome
    A shrubland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, dense groups of shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000176
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail A Chrysomelid Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Scarab Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail A Scraptiid Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Yellow-masked Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Acmaeodera ornata GloBI  
Additional detail Ammophila nigricans GloBI  
Additional detail Anthomyiid Flies, Dung Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Arge humeralis GloBI  
Additional detail Blaesoxipha hunteri GloBI  
Additional detail Braconid Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Calythea nigricans GloBI  
Additional detail Calythea pratincola GloBI  
Additional detail Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Ceratinini GloBI  
Additional detail Cuckoo Wasp GloBI  
Additional detail Cylindromyia euchenor GloBI  
Additional detail Dung Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Empis clausa GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis arbustorum GloBI  
Additional detail False Flower Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail Flesh Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Flower Flies and Hoverflies GloBI  
Additional detail Freeloader Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnoclytia occidua GloBI  
Additional detail Halictid Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Helicobia rapax GloBI  
Additional detail Hornets, Hornets and Yellowjackets, Paper Wasps, Potter Wasps, and Yellowjackets GloBI  
Additional detail House Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Jewel Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail Jumping Tree Bugs GloBI  
Additional detail Leaf Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Leafcutting Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Leionotus ziziae GloBI  
Additional detail Long-horned Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Macrosiagon limbata GloBI  
Additional detail Megachilini GloBI  
Additional detail Miltogramma argentifrons GloBI  
Additional detail Mud Daubers GloBI  
Additional detail Myzinum quinquecinctum GloBI  
Additional detail Naked Sucker-mouth Catfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Negro Bugs GloBI  
Additional detail Neomyia cornicina GloBI  
Additional detail Phasia purpurascens GloBI  
Additional detail Philanthinae GloBI  
Additional detail Pholeomyia indecora GloBI  
Additional detail Plasterer Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Potter Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Rapid Plant Bug GloBI  
Additional detail Rhynchalastor ammonia GloBI  
Additional detail Rhynchalastor anormis GloBI  
Additional detail Rhynchalastor histrionalis GloBI  
Additional detail Senotainia rubriventris GloBI  
Additional detail Sphaerophoria contiqua GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Cucumber Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail Square-headed Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Stable Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Syritta pipiens GloBI  
Additional detail Tachinid Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Tarnished Plant Bug GloBI  
Additional detail Thick-headed Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Thread-waisted Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Tiphiid Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Toxomerus geminatus GloBI  
Additional detail Toxomerus marginatus GloBI  
Additional detail Trypetini GloBI  
Additional detail Typocerus sinuatus GloBI  
Additional detail Uramya pristis GloBI  
Additional detail Wedge Shaped Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow-faced Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Zodion fulvifrons GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail A Chrysomelid Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Scarab Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail A Scraptiid Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Yellow-masked Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Ammophila nigricans GloBI  
Additional detail Arge humeralis GloBI  
Additional detail Blaesoxipha hunteri GloBI  
Additional detail Calythea pratincola GloBI  
Additional detail Cylindromyia euchenor GloBI  
Additional detail Empis clausa GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis arbustorum GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnoclytia occidua GloBI  
Additional detail Helicobia rapax GloBI  
Additional detail Leionotus ziziae GloBI  
Additional detail Miltogramma argentifrons GloBI  
Additional detail Neomyia cornicina GloBI  
Additional detail Phasia purpurascens GloBI  
Additional detail Pholeomyia indecora GloBI  
Additional detail Rapid Plant Bug GloBI  
Additional detail Rhynchalastor ammonia GloBI  
Additional detail Rhynchalastor anormis GloBI  
Additional detail Rhynchalastor histrionalis GloBI  
Additional detail Senotainia rubriventris GloBI  
Additional detail Sphaerophoria contiqua GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Cucumber Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail Stable Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Syritta pipiens GloBI  
Additional detail Tarnished Plant Bug GloBI  
Additional detail Toxomerus geminatus GloBI  
Additional detail Toxomerus marginatus GloBI  
Additional detail Typocerus sinuatus GloBI  
Additional detail Uramya pristis GloBI  
Additional detail Wild Quinine GloBI  
Additional detail Wild Quinine GloBI  
Additional detail Zodion fulvifrons GloBI  
Soil requirements
Additional detail needs dry to average soils Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail needs dry to average soils Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail prefers rocky soil Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Shade tolerance
Additional detail needs sun Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail needs sun Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Parthenium integrifolium</i>
Life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed ripening date
Additional detail July
  • July
    The seventh month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106186
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail July
  • July
    The seventh month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106186
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period begin
Additional detail May
  • May
    The fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106184
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail May
  • May
    The fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106184
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period end
Additional detail October
  • October
    The tenth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106189
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail September
  • September
    The ninth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106188
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Seed per unit average
Additional detail 6,800 per ounce Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Conservation

Data about <i>Parthenium integrifolium</i>
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Parthenium integrifolium</i>
Plant propagation method
Additional detail cold moist stratification
  • Cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail cold moist stratification
  • Cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail dry seed storage Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail dry seed storage Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail sow early in greenhouse
  • Sow early in greenhouse
    The plant develops slowly in greenhouse production. Sow early in the season.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationEarlyGreenhouse
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Plant spacing average
Additional detail 45.72 cm Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Seed/spore extraction
Additional detail grind hard dry fruit
  • Grind hard dry fruit
    Grind hard dry fruit in a leaf grinder or stomp under foot.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractGrind
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail grind hard dry fruit
  • Grind hard dry fruit
    Grind hard dry fruit in a leaf grinder or stomp under foot.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractGrind
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
  • Shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
    Shatter soft dry fruit by hand or rub against coarse screen or beat with a rake or broom.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractSoft
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
  • Shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
    Shatter soft dry fruit by hand or rub against coarse screen or beat with a rake or broom.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractSoft
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

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