Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrubs, 30–100+ cm. Leaf blades oval-elliptic to obovate, 15–25(–40+) × 6–15(–25+) mm, sometimes pinnately (3–)5–7-lobed or round-toothed, ultimate margins entire, faces tomentose (gray to white) and gland-dotted. Heads radiate, in glomerules of 3–5+ on branched stalks 1–5(–12+) cm, forming compound, corymbiform arrays. Peduncles 1–3+ mm. Phyllaries: outer 5 oblong, 1.5–2 mm, inner 5 orbiculate, 2–2.5 mm. Pistillate florets 5; corolla laminae ovate, 1–1.5 mm. Disc florets 8–20(–30+). Cypselae obovoid, 1.5–2 mm; pappus-like enations 2(–3), erect to spreading, ± subulate, 0.5–1 mm. 2n = 54.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Parthenium incanum

Parthenium incanum (common name Mariola or New Mexico rubber plant) is a plant in the genus Parthenium of the family Asteraceae.

Human uses

The Jicarilla used Mariola for a medicine which was rubbed over pregnant women's abdomens to relieve discomfort. The medicine was prepared by boiling this plant's leaves.[2]

References

  1. ^ Nova Genera et Species Plantarum 4:260, t. 391. 1820 "Plant Name Details for Parthenium incanum". IPNI. http://www.ipni.org:80/ipni/idPlantNameSearch.do?id=236511-1. Retrieved June 30, 2010.
  2. ^ Opler, Morris E. (1946). Childhood and youth in Jicarilla Apache society. Publications of the Frederick Webb Hodge Anniversary Fund (Vol. 5). Los Angeles: The Southwest Museum Administrator of the Fund.
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