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Specimen Records: 8
Specimens with Sequences: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species: 3
Species With Barcodes: 2
Public Records: 2
Public Species: 1
Public BINs: 1
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Wikipedia

Tropidophiidae

The Tropidophiidae, common name dwarf boas,[2] are a family of nonvenomous snakes found from Mexico and the West Indies south to southeastern Brazil. These are small to medium-sized fossorial snakes, some with beautiful and striking color patterns. Currently, four living genera, containing 22 species, and one extinct genus, with one species, are recognized.[2]

Description[edit]

This family is confined to the neotropics, mainly in Hispaniola, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands, with the greatest diversity being in Cuba, where new species are being discovered. These snakes are very small, averaging to about 30–60 cm (12–24 in) in total length (including tail).

Behavior[edit]

Most species spend their day burrowed underground or under vegetation, surfacing only at night or when it rains. Some species are arboreal and are often seen hiding in bromeliads in trees.

Color change[edit]

The dwarf boas can change color from light (when they are active at night) to dark (inactive in the day). This color change is brought about by the movement of dark pigment granules.

Defensive behavior[edit]

When threatened, tropidophiids coil up into a tight ball. A more peculiar defensive behavior is their ability to bleed voluntarily from the eyes, mouth, and nostrils.

Geographic range[edit]

They are found from southern Mexico and Central America, south to northwestern South America in Colombia, (Amazonian) Ecuador, and Peru, as well as in northwestern and southeastern Brazil, and also in the West Indies.[1]

Genera[edit]

Genus[2]Taxon author[1]Species[2]Common nameGeographic range[1]
TrachyboaW. Peters, 18602Panama, Pacific Colombia and Ecuador.
TropidophisTBibron, 184017The West Indies, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador.

T Type genus.[1]

See also[edit]

Cited references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d "Tropidophiidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 17 August 2007. 
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List of tropidophiid species and subspecies

This is a list of all genera, species and subspecies of the family Tropidophiidae,[1] otherwise referred to as dwarf boas or tropidophiids. It follows the taxonomy currently provided by ITIS, which is based on the continuing work of Dr. Roy McDiarmid.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tropidophiidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 22 September 2007. 
  2. ^ McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
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