Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
|Specimen Records:||8||Public Records:||2|
|Specimens with Sequences:||4||Public Species:||1|
|Specimens with Barcodes:||3||Public BINs:||1|
|Species With Barcodes:||2|
Locations of barcode samples
The Tropidophiinae, common name dwarf boas, are a family of snakes found from Mexico and the West Indies south to southeastern Brazil. These are small to medium-sized fossorial snakes, some with beautiful and striking color patterns. Currently, four living genera containing 22 species and one extinct genus with one species are recognized.
Description[edit source | edit]
This family is confined to the neotropics, mainly in Hispaniola, Jamaica,and Cayman Islands, with the greatest diversity being in Cuba, where new species are being discovered. These snakes are very small, averaging to about 30–60 cm in length. Most species spend their day burrowed underground or under vegetation, surfacing only at night or when it rains. Some species are arboreal and are often seen hiding in bromeliads in trees. They can change color from light (when they are active at night) to dark (inactive in the day). This color change is brought about by the movement of dark pigment granules. When threatened, they coil up into a tight ball. A more peculiar defensive behavior is their ability to bleed voluntarily from the eyes, mouth, and nostrils.
Geographic range[edit source | edit]
They are found from southern Mexico and Central America, south to northwestern South America in Colombia, (Amazonian) Ecuador, and Peru, as well as in northwestern and southeastern Brazil; also in the West Indies.
Genera[edit source | edit]
|Genus||Taxon author||Species||Common name||Geographic range|
|Trachyboa||Peters, 1860||2||Panama, Pacific Colombia and Ecuador.|
|TropidophisT||Bibron, 1840||17||The West Indies, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador.|
|Ungaliophis||Müller, 1880||2||Southern Mexico and south through Central America as far as Colombia.|
See also[edit source | edit]
- List of tropidophiid species and subspecies
- Tropidophiidae by common name
- Tropidophiidae by taxonomic synonyms
- List of snakes, overview of all snake genera.
Cited references[edit source | edit]
List of tropidophiid species and subspecies
This is a list of all genera, species and subspecies of the family Tropidophiidae, otherwise referred to as dwarf boas or tropidophiids. It follows the taxonomy currently provided by ITIS, which is based on the continuing work of Dr. Roy McDiarmid.
- Exiliboa, Oaxacan dwarf boa
- Exiliboa placata, Oaxacan dwarf boa
- Trachyboa, Eyelash boas
- Tropidophis, Wood snakes
- Tropidophis battersbyi, Ecuadorian dwarf boa
- Tropidophis bucculentus, Navassa Island dwarf boa
- Tropidophis canus, Bahamian dwarf boa
- Tropidophis caymanensis, Cayman Islands dwarf boa
- Tropidophis feicki, Broad-banded dwarf boa
- Tropidophis fuscus, Cuban dusky dwarf boa
- Tropidophis greenwayi, Caicos dwarf boa
- Tropidophis haetianus, Haitian dwarf boa
- Tropidophis haetianus haetianus, Haitian dwarf boa
- Tropidophis haetianus hemerus, East Hispanola dwarf boa
- Tropidophis haetianus jamaicensis, Southern Jamaican dwarf boa
- Tropidophis haetianus stejnegeri, Northern Jamaican eyespot dwarf boa
- Tropidophis haetianus stullae, Portland Ridge dwarf boa
- Tropidophis haetianus tiburonensis, Tiburon dwarf boa
- Tropidophis maculatus, Spotted red dwarf boa
- Tropidophis melanurus, Cuban giant dwarf boa
- Tropidophis nigriventris, Black-bellied dwarf boa
- Tropidophis pardalis, Leopard dwarf boa
- Tropidophis paucisquamis, Brazilian dwarf boa
- Tropidophis pilsbryi, Cuban White-necked dwarf boa
- Tropidophis semicinctus, Yellow-banded dwarf boa
- Tropidophis taczanowskyi, Taczanowski's dwarf boa
- Tropidophis wrighti, Gracile banded
- Ungaliophis, Bromeliad boas
- ^ "Tropidophiidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=209617. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- ^ McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).