The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1978. The comparative, functional, and evolutionary myology of burrowing sceloporine lizards. Master's Thesis, Cornell University.
  • Burt, C.E. 1935. A key to the lizards of the United States and Canada. Trans. Kans. Acad. Sci. 38:255-305.
  • Carpenter, C.C. 1963. A comparison of the patterns of display of Urosaurus, Uta, and Streptosaurus. Herpetologica 18:145-152.
  • Cope, E.D. 1900. The crocodilians, lizards, and snakes of North America. Smithson. Inst. Ann. Rep. 1898:153-1294.
  • Etheridge, R. 1964. The skeletal morphology and systematic relationships of sceloporine lizards. Copeia 1964:610-631.
  • Etheridge, R., and K. de Queiroz. 1988. A phylogeny of Iguanidae. Pages 283-367 in R. Estes and G. Pregill, eds. Phylogenetic relationships of the lizard families. Essays commemorating Charles L. Camp Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.
  • Fanghella, C., D.F. Avery, and W.W. Tanner. 1975. Urosaurus and its phylogenetic relationship to Uta as determined by osteology and myology (Reptilia: Iguanidae). Great Basin Nat. 35:245-268.
  • Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed. 1993. Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17. iv + 73
  • Frost, D.R., and R. Etheridge. 1989. A phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of iguanian lizards (Reptilia: Squamata). Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. Misc. Publ. 81:1-65.
  • Hotton, N.I. 1955. A survey of adaptive relationships of dentition to diet in the North American Iguanidae. Am. Midl. Nat. 53:88-114.
  • Larsen, K.R., and W.W. Tanner. 1975. Evolution of the sceloporine lizards (Iguanidae). Great Basin Nat. 35:1-20.
  • Mittleman, M.B. 1942. A summary of the iguanid genus Urosaurus. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91:106-181.
  • Paull, D., E.E. Williams, and W.P. Hall. 1976. Lizard karyotypes from the Galapagos Islands: Chromosomes in phylogeny and evolution. Breviora (441):1-31.
  • Porter, C.A., M.W. Haiduk, and K. de Queiroz. 1994. Evolution and phylogenetic significance of ribosomal gene location in chromosomes of squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994:302-313.
  • Presch, W. 1969. Evolutionary osteology and relationships of the horned lizard genus Phrynosoma (Family Iguanidae). Copeia 1969:250-275.
  • Reeder, T.W. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships among phrynosomatid lizards as inferred from mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences: Substitutional bias and information content of transitions relative to transversions. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 4:203-222.
  • Savage, J.M. 1958. The iguanid lizard genera Urosaurus and Uta, with remarks on related groups. Zoologica 43:41-54.
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1953. A check list of North American amphibians and reptiles Sixth ed., American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.
  • Smith, H.M. 1946. Handbook of lizards. Lizards of the United States and Canada Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
  • Stebbins, R.C. 1954. Amphibians and reptiles of western North America McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • Wiens, J.J. 1993. Phylogenetic relationships of phrynosomatid lizards and monophyly of the Sceloporus Group. Copeia 1993:287-299.
  • Wyles, J.S. and G.C. Gorman. 1978. Close relationship between the lizard genus Sator and Sceloporus utiformis (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae): Electrophoretic and immunological evidence. J. Herpetol. 12:343-350.
  • de Queiroz, K. 1982. The scleral ossicles of sceloporine iguanids: A reexamination with comments on their phylogenetic significance. Herpetologica 38:302-311.


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