Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Trees, shrubs or suffrutices. Stipules present, caducous (in ours). Leaves simple, entire, alternate, usually with 2 glands at the base of the lamina or apex of petiole. Flowers bisexual, slightly zygomorphic (in ours), perigynous. Sepals 5. Petals 5. Stamens 2-many. Ovary superior with 3 carpels, one of which fully develops; each carpel 1- or 2-locular. Fruit a fleshy drupe.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Chrysobalanaceae R. Br.:
Colombia (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. 2011. Flora de Antioquia. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. 2. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Pp. 1-939.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100008595 External link.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:275Public Records:198
Specimens with Sequences:255Public Species:90
Specimens with Barcodes:251Public BINs:0
Species:114         
Species With Barcodes:109         
          
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Chrysobalanaceae

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Chrysobalanaceae

Chrysobalanaceae is a family of trees, shrubs and flowering plants, consisting of 17 genera and about 460 species of leptocaul that grows in the Tropics or is subtropical and common in the Americas.[2] Some of the species contain silica in their bodies for rigidity and so the mesophyll often has sclerencymatous idioblasts. The flower produces a plum-like fruit and the plant is commonly known as a coco plum.

It was traditionally placed as a subfamily in the rose family or as a family in the rose order and exceptionally as an order in Myrtiflorae by Dahlgren[3][4] In the phenotypic cladistic analysis of Nandi et al, it branched with Eleagnaceae as sister group of Polygalaceae, in their molecular cladistic analysis it was in Malpighiales and also in their combined analysis[5].

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  2. ^ Stephens, P.F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 9, June 2008. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Research/APweb/
  3. ^ Brummit, R.K. 1992. Vascular Plant Families and Genera. Kew.
  4. ^ Lawrence, George. 1960. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Macmillan, NY.
  5. ^ Nandi, O.L., Chase, M.W., & Endress, P.K. 1998. A combined c1adistic analysis of angiosperms using rbcL and non-molecular data sets. Ann. Missouri Bol. Gard. 85: 137-212(docstoc.com).
  • F. Carnevale Neto et al.: Chrysobalanaceae: secondary metabolites, ethnopharmacology and pharmacological potential, "Phytochemistry Reviews" (online), 2012, [1].


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