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The genus Ebolavirus is a virological taxon included in the family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales (Kuhn et al. 2010).  This genus was introduced in 1998 as the "Ebola-like viruses" (Netesov et al. 2000, Pringle 1998). In 2002 the name was changed to Ebolavirus (Feldman et al. 2005, Mayo 2002) and in 2010 the genus was emended (Kuhn et al. 2010).

The name Ebolavirus is derived from the Ebola River in Zaire (where Ebola virus was first discovered) and the taxonomic suffix -virus (denoting a viral genus) (Kuhn et al. 2010). The species in this genus are called ebolaviruses (Kuhn et al. 2010). Currently five Ebolavirus species are recognised: Bundibugyo ebolavirus, Reston ebolavirus, Sudan ebolavirus, Taï Forest ebolavirus (originally Côte d'Ivoire ebolavirus) and Zaire ebolavirus (Kuhn et al. 2010).

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