Morphology

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Description

Annuals (sometimes persisting), 2–60 cm (delicate or robust, stems relatively few to many, erect or spreading); puberulent to hirsute, glandular-pubescent. Leaves: petioles 3–45 mm; blades ovate, cordate, suborbiculate, or triangular, 17–60 × 10–50 mm, margins deeply toothed, lobed, cleft, or divided, lobes indented to irregularly dissected. Heads borne singly or in corymbiform arrays, 4–10 × 4–10 mm. Peduncles 1–70 mm. Involucres campanulate to hemispheric. Phyllaries 10–20, lanceolate or oblanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 4–6 × 1–2 mm. Ray florets usually 8–14, rarely rudimentary or 0; corollas white, laminae oblong, 1–4(–6) × 1–3 mm. Disc florets 40–100+; corollas yellow, tubes 0.7–1.3 mm, throats tubular to tubular-funnelform, 0.8–1.3 mm, lobes 0.1–0.2 mm. Cypselae suboblong, oblanceolate, or subcuneate, (1.5–)2–3 mm, margins thin (not calloused), long- or short-ciliate; pappi 0 or of 1 antrorsely to retrorsely barbellate bristles 1–3 mm plus crowns of hyaline, laciniate scales. 2n = 65–72 or 100–116.

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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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