The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2003. "UNEP-WCMC Species Database: CITES-Listed Species" (On-line). Accessed November 14, 2003 at
  • Chantler, P., G. Driessens. 2000. Swifts: A Guide to the Swifts and Treeswifts of the World, Second Edition. Sussex: Pica Press.
  • Gill, F. 1995. Ornithology, Second Edition. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.
  • IUCN, 2002. "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species" (On-line). Accessed October 10, 2003 at
  • Mead, C. 1985. Swifts. Pp. 254-257 in C Perrins, A Middleton, eds. The Encyclopedia of Birds. New York: Facts on File, Inc.
  • Payne, R. 2003. "Bird Families of the World" (On-line). Accessed October 10, 2003 at
  • Sibley, C., J. Ahlquist. 1990. Phylogeny and Classification of Birds, A study in Molecular Evolution. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Smythies, B. 1999. The Birds of Borneo, Fourth Edition. Kota Kinabalu: Natural History Publications (Borneo).
  • Smythies, B. 2001. The Birds of Burma, Fourth Edition. Kota Kinabalu: Natural History Publications (Borneo).
  • Wells, D. 1999. Family Hemiprocnidae. J del Hoyo, A Elliott, S Jordi, eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.


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