The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2003. E Dickinson, ed. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. London: Christopher Helm.
  • 2003. Hawks and Eagles (Accipitridae). Pp. 317-328 in A Evans, R Garrison, M Hutchins, eds. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, Vol. 8. Detroit: Gale Group.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • BirdLife_International (2011). IUCN Red List for birds.
  • D. L. Pattie and N. A. M. Verbeek, Alpine birds of the Beartooth Mountains, Condor 68:167-176 (1966); Alpine mammals of the Beartooth Mountains, Northwest Sci. 41(3):110-117 (1967).
  • I. K. Sharma, A study of ecosystems of the Indian desert, Trans. Indian Soc. Desert Technol. and Univ. Center Desert Stud. 5(2):51-55, from p. 52 and A study of agro-ecosystems in the Indian desert, ibid. 5:77-82, from p. 79 1980).
  • IUCN, 2003. "2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species" (On-line). Accessed March 11, 2004 at
  • Kemp, A. C. (1994). Family Accipitridae (Hawks and Eagles): Afrotropical. (del HoyoJ., ElliottA., SargatalJ., Ed.).Handbook of the Birds of the World. 2, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.
  • Kemp, A., I. Newton. 2003. Hawks, Eagles and Old World Vultures. Pp. 162-175 in C Perrins, ed. The New Encyclopedia of Birds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at
  • Philips, J. 2000. A review and checklist of the parasitic mites (Acarina) of the Falconiformes and Strigiformes. Journal of Raptor Research, 34(3): 210-231.
  • Shuker, KPN. 2001. The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature. London: Marshall Editions Ltd. 240 p.
  • Sibley, C., J. Ahlquist. 1990. Phylogeny and Classification of Birds: A Study in Molecular Evolution. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.
  • Snyder, H. 2001. Hawks and Allies. Pp. 212-224 in C Elphick, J Dunning, D Sibley, eds. The Sibley Guide to Bird Life & Behavior. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
  • Thiollay, J. 1994. Family Accipitridae (hawks and eagles). Pp. 52-105 in J del Hoyo, A Elliott, J Sargatal, eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2. New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.
  • Threatened and Endangered Species System, 2003. "U.S. Listed Vertebrate Animal Species Report by Taoxonomic Group" (On-line). Accessed March 11, 2004 at
  • U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, 1997. "Birds Protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act" (On-line). Accessed March 11, 2004 at
  • WoRMS (2015). Accipitridae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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