IUCN threat status:

Vulnerable (VU)

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Biology

Often spotted with just its distinctive snout protruding from the water, the Southeast Asian soft terrapin spends much of its time buried in the muddy or sandy bottom of its aquatic habitat. At night it may emerge from the water onto land, where it will either feed or burrow into the sand and rest for long periods (2) (4). A primarily carnivorous turtle, the Southeast Asian soft terrapin feeds on fish, amphibians, crustaceans, aquatic insects and other invertebrates inhabiting the water (2), but it also scavenges on land, where it will consume fruits and seeds (6). Each year, the Southeast Asian softshell terrapin nests three or four times (4). On each occasion, young females may lay between six and ten eggs, while older females may lay up to thirty eggs (2). The thinly-shelled, spherical eggs are laid in nests dug in mud banks and incubated for 60 to 145 days (2) (4). Both the eggs and hatchlings of this turtle are known to be preyed upon by monitor lizards (Varanus species), crows (Corvus species), and serpent eagles (Spilornis cheela) (6).

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Source: ARKive

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