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BiologyThe red adder is a poorly understood species that is only active during the morning (5). However, a recently initiated study of the snake has revealed some interesting new behaviours. Although previously thought that none of the species complex used sidewinding locomotion, the study has shown that the red adder is in fact a very proficient sidewinder (8). Valuable data on the adder's diet has also been obtained, showing that it primarily preys on lizards (9). Bitis species are all believed to be ovoviviparous, giving birth to live young (7).