Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to southeast Asia including Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, and Viet Nam (Murphy 2007). This species has been reported in China, although it is expected that these are snakes that have escaped from live snakes imported to China from elsewhere in Southeast Asia (Murphy 2007).
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Continent: Asia
Distribution: West Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, China
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© Peter Uetz

Source: The Reptile Database

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in swamps, shallow lakes, pools and other stagnant water habitats. It feeds mainly on fish, but may also consume young frogs (Murphy 2007)

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Murphy, J.

Reviewer/s
Livingstone, S.R., Elfes, C.T., Polidoro, B.A. & Carpenter, K.E. (Global Marine Species Assessment Coordinating Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
There is reported decline of this species in Cambodia, due to the harvest and export of this species to China. However, direct proportions of decline have not been reported. This is considered a localized decline and due to the widespread distribution of this species, this decline is not expected to affect the global status of this species (the declines are unlikely to approach the thresholds for a threatened listing). This species has therefore been listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species was reported as rare in Bangkok but common in the rural areas surrounding it (Smith 1914).

This species is heavily exploited in Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia, and populations are declining (Brooks et al. 2007). Collected in Viet Nam with local population declines reported. Most likely not being collected elsewhere.

This species made up less than 2% of the total catch of snakes collected by fishermen in Cambodia (Murphy 2007).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is heavily exploited for the skin trade in Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia, and populations are declining in this particular area (Brooks et al. 2007). It may be exported to China and used for its skins.

It is the second most exploited reptile in the U Minh National Park. They sell for around VND155,000/kg and many people in the area catch them at a small size and raise them in cages until they reach a weight of about two kg before selling them. The population appears to be in decline because fishermen report that they are more difficult to find than they have been in the past. The species is heavily exploited in Cambodia for export to Thailand, Viet Nam and China (Stuart 2000, 2004).

From 1991-2001 16,000 live snakes were exported to China, representing 4% of the live snakes imported into China over this period (Zhou and Jiang 2004).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no conservation measures for this species, but it may occur in protected areas.
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