IUCN threat status:

Near Threatened (NT)


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Socotran chameleon

The Socotran chameleon, Chamaeleo monachus, is a species of chameleon endemic to the island of Socotra.[1] When alarmed, it makes a hissing noise, and depending on its mood, it may change color.[1] It is endangered by overgrazing, and is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN Red List.[2] The Socotran chameleon lives in dense shrubland, along wadis, and sometimes in palm plantations.


Chamaeleo monachus was first scientifically described by John Edward Gray around 1865; however, he identified Madagascar as the type locality. It was not until 1880, when Isaac Bayley Balfour led the first scientific expedition on Socotra, was the correct locality of the species identified.[3]



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