Distribution: NE Spain, France (+ Corsica), S Switzerland, NW Yugoslavia: coastal Croatia (including some Adriatic islands), Slovenia, Italy (+ Sardinia, Elba), Malta carbonarius: “Yugoslavia” (near Rovinj etc.) gyarosensis: Greece;
Type locality: Gyaros Island kratzeri: Montecristo Island
Type locality: S France
Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Hierophis viridiflavus
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hierophis viridiflavus
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2006Least Concern(IUCN 2006)
- 2006Least Concern
Green whip snake
The green whip snake or western whip snake (Hierophis viridiflavus) is a species of snake in the Colubridae family. There is a larger, often pure black variant found in Italy and referred to there as 'Il Biacco'.
Venom and toxicity
Commonly regarded as non-venomous, it is described that a subject who endured 'sustained biting' of up to 5 minutes began showing suspect symptoms, including problems with neuromotor skills. It is described that a gland called the Duvernoy's gland, maybe similar to the venom gland, has some responsibility.
- Some seemingly harmless snakes possess a secret venomous gland par Rachel Nuwer, smithsonianmag.com. October 18, 2013.
- Vogrin, M., Corti, C., Mellado, V.P., Sá-Sousa, P., Cheylan, M., Pleguezuelos, J., Meyer, A., Schmidt, B. 2005. Hierophis viridiflavus.
- 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 28 July 2007.
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