IUCN threat status:

Critically Endangered (CR)

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Biology

The Bahamas rock iguana searches for food both on the ground and in trees. The diet is primarily herbivorous, consisting of fruit, flowers and leaves of at least 58 species, but occasionally also includes insects, molluscs, crustaceans, arachnids, lizards and carrion (1). Adult males are territorial all year round, seemingly to guard access to the food and females in their range. Mating is seasonal, taking place in May, and females produce a single clutch of two to nine eggs a year, which are laid in the nest burrow in June. Although females show no territorial behaviour during the rest of the year, they will actively defend the burrow for several days to several weeks after nesting, in order to protect their eggs from potential danger (1). The eggs hatch in September, after an incubation period of about 90 days (5). Sexual maturity is not attained until seven years of age for males, six to seven years for females, and evidence suggests that certain individuals live to at least 20 years old (1).

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Source: ARKive

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