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Daboia is a monotypic genus of venomous Old World viper. The single species, D. russelii (Russel's viper) is found in Asia throughout the Indian subcontinent, much of Southeast Asia, southern China and Taiwan. The species was named in honor of Patrick Russell (1726–1805), a Scottish herpetologist who first described many of India's snakes; and the name of the genus is from the Hindi word meaning "that lies hid," or "the lurker."  Daboia russelii is one of the "big four" snakes responsible for causing the most snakebite incidents and deaths in South Asia (mostly India).  They have a wide distribution and occur frequently in highly-populated areas. Two subspecies are currently recognized, D. r. siamensis and D. r. russelii.

(Modified from Wikipedia 2013)

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