The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Allen, E. Ross; Neill, Wilfred T. 1950. The life history of the Everglades rat snake, Elaphe obsoleta rossalleni. Herpetologica 6 (5): 109-112.
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20.
  • Baillie, Jonathan E. M.; Janine Griffiths, Samuel T. Turvey, Jonathan Loh and Ben Collen (eds.). 2010. Evolution Lost: Status and Trends of the World’s Vertebrates. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom, 95 pp.
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Barbour, Thomas;Carr, F., Jr. 1940. Notes on Elaphe and a new species. Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History 8: 337-342.
  • Bechtel, H.B. & Mountain, J. 1960. Interspecific Hybridization between Two Snakes of the Genus Elaphe. Copeia 1960 (2): 151-153.
  • Blake, Hugh. 1993. The Texas rat snake (Elaphe obsoleta lindheimeri). Vivarium 4 (6): 15-18.
  • Blouin-Demers, Gabriel, Laura P. G. Bjorgan and Patrick J. Weatherhead. 2007. Changes in habitat use and movement patterns with body size in black ratsnakes, Elaphe obsoleta. Herpetologica 63 (4): 421-429.
  • Blouin-Demers, Gabriel; Gibbs, Lisle H. 2003. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in the black rat snake (Elaphe obsoleta). Molecular Ecology Notes 3 (1): 98-99.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp.
  • Bröer, W. 1978. Bastarde bei zwei Elaphe-Arten. Salamandra 14 (2): 63-68.
  • Buckner, Sandra D.;Franz, Richard. 1994. Elaphe obsoleta (rat snake). Bahamas: Little Bahama Bank. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 166.
  • Burbrink, Frank T. 2001. Systematics of the Eastern Ratsnake complex (Elaphe obsoleta). Herpetological Monographs 15: 1-53.
  • Burbrink, Frank T. 2001. Systematics of the eastern ratsnake complex (Elaphe obsoleta). Herpetological Monographs, vol. 15, no. 1. 1-53
  • Burbrink, Frank T. and Robin Lawson. 2007. How and when did Old World ratsnakes disperse into the New World?. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43 (1): 173-189.
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from southern Missouri. American Midland Naturalist 14 (2): 170-173.
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A contribution to the herpetology of Kentucky. American Midland Naturalist 14 (6): 669-679.
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336.
  • Böhme, W. 2005. Der “Savannah River Ecology Site” und seine herpetologischen Highlights. Herpetofauna 25 (142): 13-21.
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2009. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 2nd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2010. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 3rd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, Joseph T. & Travis W. Taggart. 2008. An alternative classification of the New World Rat Snakes (genus Pantherophis [Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae]). Journal of Kansas Herpetology 26: 16-18.
  • Conant, R., J. Collins. 1998. Reptiles and Amphibians Eastern/Central North America. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Conant, Roger. 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL. 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S.
  • Elmberg, J. 1980. Herpetological observations 77-78 [in Vernon county, Wisconsin]. Fältbiologerna Umea.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Fitch, H. S. 1963. Natural history of the black rat snake (Elaphe o. obsoleta) in Kansas. Copeia 1963 (4): 649-658.
  • Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed. 1993. Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17. iv + 73
  • Frank & Kate's Web Page (Online source)   http://www.pondturtle.com/ External link.
  • Hallmen, M. 2005. Farb- und Zeichnungszuchten in der Terraristik. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (5): 16-22.
  • Hallmen, M. 2006. Selective Breeding for color and pattern. Reptilia (GB) (44): 12-18.
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. Notice of a collection of reptiles from Kansas and Nebraska, presented to the Academy of Natural Sciences by Dr. Hammond, U.S.A. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 238-253.
  • Harding, J. 1997. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Great Lakes Region. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
  • Holbrook, John E. 1836. North American Herpetology, Vol. 1 (1st ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 120 pp.
  • Holotype: Baird, S. F. & Girard, C. 1853. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 2 (5): 76.
  • Holotype: Brady, M. K. 1932. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington. 45: 5.
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Jackson, J. Andrew. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Elaphe obsoleta spilotes. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 97.
  • King, Richard B.; Oldham, Michael J.; Weller, Wayne F.; Wynn, Douglas. 1997. Historic and current amphibian and reptile distributions in the Island Region of Western Lake Erie. American Midland Naturalist 138(1):153-173.
  • Lougheed, S.C., et al. 1999. Hierarchical patterns of genetic population structure in black rat snakes (Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta) as revealed by microsatellite DNA analysis. Evolution 53:1995-2001.
  • Love, B. 2007. Eine Landpartie. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (3): 14-15.
  • Lovich, J.E. & Jaworski, T.R. 1988. Annotated checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles reported from Cedar Bog, Ohio. Ohio J. Sci. 88 (4): 139-143.
  • Mattison, C. 1990. A-Z of Snake Keeping. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc..
  • Mense, Mark. 2010. Welche Schlange für mich?. Reptilia 15 (86): 51-56.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Novotny, Raymond J. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 97.
  • Potts, George D. & Joseph T. Collins. 2005. A CHECKLIST OF THE VERTEBRATE ANIMALS OF KANSAS. Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, 50 pp.
  • Pyron, R.Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink. 2009. Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae) . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (2): 524-529.
  • Rossi, J. 1992. Snakes of the United States and Canada Keeping Them Healthy in Captivity Volume I Eastern Area. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company.
  • Ruthven, Alexander G.;Thompson, Crystal;Gaige, Helen T. 1928. The Herpetology of Michigan. Michigan Geological and Biological Survey 10 (3): 1-166 [CNAH reprint 7].
  • Say, T. 1823. In James, E. Account of an expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819, '20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. Vol. 1. Philadelphia, H. C. Carey & I. Lea.
  • Say, T. 1823. In James, E. Account of an expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819, '20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. Vol. 1. Philadelphia, H. C. Carey & I. Lea.
  • Schmidt, D. & Kunz, K. 2005. Ernährung von Schlangen. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 159 pp.
  • Schmidt, D. 2004. Die Erdnatter (Pantherophis obsoletus). Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp.
  • Schmidt, D. 2004. Zur Reproduktion von Schlangen im Terrarium: Aufgaben - Fakten - Probleme. Draco 5 (17): 22-36.
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460.
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter. 1996. A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger. Koeltz Scientific Books, 439 pp.
  • Schweiger, M. 1995. Florida - herpetologische Eindrücke einer Rundreise. Elaphe 3 (3): 76-80.
  • Snyder, Richard C. 1945. Notes on the snakes of southeastern Alabama. Copeia 1945 (3): 173-174.
  • Stankowski, B. 1986. Erdnattern (E. obsoleta) - ideale Schlangen für den Anfänger. Herpetofauna 8 (42): 29-34.
  • Staszko, R., J. Walls. 1994. Rat Snakes A Hobbyist's Guide to Elaphe and Kin. Neptune City, New Jersey: T.F.H. Publications, Inc..
  • Syntype: Cope, E. D. 1889. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 11: 386.
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler. 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124.
  • Voris, H.K., D.R. Karns, K.A. Feldheim, B. Kechavarzi, and M. Rinehart. 2008. Multiple paternity in the oriental-australian rear-fanged watersnakes (Homalopsidae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 3: 88-102.
  • Werning, H. 2009. Florida - ein kleiner herpetologischer Reiseführer. Draco 10 (37): 4-23.
  • Wilgers, D.J.; Horne, E.A.; Sandercock, B.K. & Volkmann, A.W. 2006. Effects of rangeland management on community dynamics of the herpetofauna of the Tall-grass Prairie [Flint Hills, Kansas/Oklahoma]. Herpetologica 62 (4): 378-388.

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