The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp.
  • Burbrink, Frank T. and Robin Lawson. 2007. How and when did Old World ratsnakes disperse into the New World?. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43 (1): 173-189.
  • Collins, J. 1997. Standard Common and Current Scientific names For North American Amphibians and Reptiles. Lawrence, Kansas: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.
  • Collins, Joseph T. & Travis W. Taggart. 2008. An alternative classification of the New World Rat Snakes (genus Pantherophis [Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae]). Journal of Kansas Herpetology 26: 16-18.
  • Conant, R. 1940. A new subspecies of the Fox snake, Elaphe vulpina BAIRD AND GIRARD. Herpetologica 2: 1-14.
  • Conant, R., J. Collins. 1998. Reptiles and Amphibians Eastern/Central North America. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Conant, Roger. 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cox, Christian L.; Eugenia S. Farrar, Jane D. Hey, and Matthew C. Morrill. 2009. Cover Object Usage Among an Assemblage of Iowa Snakes. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 80-84.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL. 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S.
  • Elmberg, J. 1980. Herpetological observations 77-78 [in Vernon county, Wisconsin]. Fältbiologerna Umea.
  • Frank & Kate's Web Page (Online source)   http://www.pondturtle.com/ External link.
  • Johnson, T. 2002. "Snakes of Missouri" (On-line). Accessed 1 August 2002 at http://www.conservation.state.mo.us/nathis/herpetol/snake/snake4.htm.
  • Keogh, J. Scott. 1992. The fox snake (Elaphe vulpina): the "other" ratsnake. Vivarium 4 (2): 23-24.
  • King, Richard B.; Oldham, Michael J.; Weller, Wayne F.; Wynn, Douglas. 1997. Historic and current amphibian and reptile distributions in the Island Region of Western Lake Erie. American Midland Naturalist 138(1):153-173.
  • LeClere, Jeff. 1995. Snakes of Minnesota: Western fox snake (Elaphe vulpina vulpina). Newsletter of the Minnesota Herpetological Society 15 (4): 6-7.
  • Michigan Natural Features Inventory, 2004. "Eastern fox snake" (On-line). Michigan Natural Features Inventory. Accessed November 03, 2006 at web4.msue.msu.edu/mnfi/abstracts/zoology/Elaphe_vulpina_gloydi.pdf.
  • Neotype: Conant, R. 1940. Herpetologica. 2 (1): 10.; Baird, S. F. & Girard, C. 1853. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 2 (5): 75.
  • Paratype: Conant, R. 1940. Herpetologica. 2 (1): 10.; Baird, S. F. & Girard, C. 1853. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 2 (5): 75.
  • Parmley, Dennis;Walker, Donald. 1999. Elaphe vulpina (Colubridae) from the Blancan of Washington, with a review of the species' paleodistribution. Herpetological Natural History 6 (1): 41-46 [1998].
  • Poem written by Chris in Ms. McCurdy's 3rd Grade Class, North Falmouth Elementary School
  • Powell R. 1990. Elaphe vulpina (Baird and Girard). Fox snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No. 470: 1-3.
  • Pyron, R.Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink. 2009. Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae) . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (2): 524-529.
  • Rigg, D. 1998. Accessed November 13, 1999; now obsolete at http://birch.palni.edu/~drigg/wfox.htm.
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460.
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter. 1996. A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger. Koeltz Scientific Books, 439 pp.
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler. 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124.

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