Distribution: SE Australia (from SC Queensland southward to N Victoria and SE South Australia) australis: W Australia (drainages of the Kimberley region, Northern Territory);
Type locality: Macquarie River, New South Wales binjing: Clarence River dharra: Macleay and Hastings Rivers emmotti: SW Queensland;
Type locality: Waterloo Station, Shearing Shed Waterhole, south-western Queensland, Australia (24°13'S, 143°17'E). gunnabarra: Hunter River dharuk: Sydney Basin kreffti: Australia (Queensland generally east of the Great Dividing Range from the Cape York Peninsula southward to N New South Wales);
Type locality: Burnett River, Qld. macquarii: Murray-Darling Basin;
Type locality: “Australia”; subsequently corrected to Macquarie River, N. S. W., see Gray (1831). nigra: Fraser Island and Lake Poona of Cooloola Peninsula.
Type locality: Lake MacKenzie, Fraser Island, Queensland (25°27'S, 153°04'E). signata: Australia (coastal drainages from the vicinity of Brisbane, Queensland, southward to northern New South Wales);
Type locality: Brisbane district, Qld. Holotype: ZMB 34102
Life History and Behavior
Lifespan, longevity, and ageing
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Emydura macquarii
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Murray River turtle
The Murray River turtle (Emydura macquarii) is a wide-ranging species that occurs throughout many of the rivers of the eastern half of Australia. It is found primarily in the Murray River Basin and all its major tributaries, along with a number of coastal rivers up the New South Wales Coast. It is also found in the coastal Queensland Rivers and the Cooper Creek System, along with Fraser Island.
Collection history and discovery
This species has a long and complicated nomenclatural history, including even its original description. The holotype was originally collected by René Primevère Lesson (1794–1849) and Prosper Garnot (1794–1838) in 1824. During an expedition on the La Coquille, captained by Louis Isidore Duperrey, which visited Sydney, Australia from 17 January - 25 March 1824, they visited Bathurst, and collected the holotype from the Macquarie River.
The first description of the species was offered by Baron Georges Cuvier in 1929, but this description is nowadays seen as a nomen novem. Hence, the description by John Edward Gray in 1831 is considered the valid description.
The generic name Emydura is derived from the Greek emys (freshwater turtle) and the Greek oura (tail), Latinized to ura. Its grammatical gender is feminine. The specific epithet of the species refers to the turtle's type location: the Macquarie River, it would seem the species was not named after Governor Lachlan Macquarie for whom the river is also named.
The species' common names include Murray River turtle, Murray River tortoise, Macquarie turtle, and Murray short neck turtle.
Emydura macquarii is listed as 'Vulnerable' in the states of South Australia and New South Wales under relevant state legislation. The sub-species Emydura macquarii signata, the Bellinger River Turtle, is listed as 'Vulnerable' under the Federal Environment Protection Biodiversity & Conservation (EPBC) Act.
Emydura macquarii holotype: MNHN 9409, dorsal view
Emydura macquarii holotype: MNHN 9409, ventral view
- Gray, J.E. 1830. A synopsis of the species of the class Reptilia. pp 1-110 in Griffith, E. The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier. London: Whitaker and Treacher and Co. 9:481 + 110pp.
- Gray, J.E. 1871. Notes on Australian freshwater tortoises. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)8:366.
- McCord, W., Cann, J. and Joseph-Uoni, M. Fraser Island short-neck turtle, Emydura macquarii nigra ssp. nov. Reptilia 27: 62-63
- Cann, J. McCord, W. and Joseph-Uoni, M. (2003) Emmort's short-neck turtle, Emydura macquarii emmotti ssp. nov. Reptilia 27: 60-61
- Georges, A. & Thomson, S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37.
- Anders G.J. Rhodin, Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, and H. Bradley Shaffer. 2010. Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status
- Gray, J.E.1841. A catalogue of the species of reptiles and amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E in Grey, G. 1841:422-449.
- Gray, J.E. 1871. On Euchelymys a new genus and two new species of Australian freshwater tortoises. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4)8:117-118.
- Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). New Edition. 311 pp. British Museum (Natural History), London.
- Ahl, E. 1932. Beschreibung einer neuen Schildkrote aus Australien. Sber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1932:127-129
- Cann, J. 1998. Australian Freshwater Turtles. Beaumont Publishing, Singapore. 292pp.
- Gray, J.E. 1872. On the genus Chelymys and its allies from Australia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1872:504-514.
- Fritz Uwe; Peter Havaš (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World". Vertebrate Zoology 57 (2): 331–333. ISSN 18640-5755. Archived from the original on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Cann, J. 1998. Australian Freshwater Turtles. Beumont Publishing, Singapore. pp. 101
- Cuvier, G. L. C. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal. Vol. 2 XV. Paris: Deterville, pp. 406 (ii)
- Atlas of Living Australia "Emydura macquarii" Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- Australian Government, Department of Environment, EPBC Act Lists "Emydura macquarii signata" Retrieved 2013-11-20.