The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2001. "Manhattan, Kansas" (On-line). Indian Star Tortoise. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • 2008. "Honolulu Zoo" (On-line). Star Tortoise. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408.
  • Das, I. 1995. Turtles and Tortoises of India. Bombay: Oxford University Press.
  • Das, I. 2002. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of India. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books.
  • Das, I. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster.
  • DeSilva, A. 2004. The Biology and Status of the Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans) in Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Protected Area Management and Wildlife Conservation Project: Sri Lankan Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL. 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p.
  • Edqvist, U. 2008. "Tortoise Trust" (On-line). Star Tortoise Basics. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Ernst, C., R. Barbour. 1989. Turtles of the World. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London.
  • Fife, J. 2007. Star Tortoises. Ada, Oklahoma: Living Art Publishing.
  • Frank & Kate's Web Page (Online source) External link.
  • Gaur, A., A. Reddy, S. Annapoorni, B. Satyarebala, S. Shivaja. 2006. The origin of Indian Star tortoises (Geochelone elegans) based on nuclear and mitochondrial analysis: a story of rescue and repatriation. Conservation Genetics, 7 (2): 231-240. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Gaur, A.; A. Reddy, S. Annapoorni, B. Satyarebala & S. Shivaji. 2006. The origin of Indian Star tortoises (Geochelone elegans) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA analysis: A story of rescue and repatriation. Conservation Genetics (2006): 231–240.
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. 2008. "IUCN 2008 Red List - Geochelone elegans" (On-line). Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Iverson, John B. 1992. A Revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. xiii + 363
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Adams Zufluchtsort: Sri Lanka. Draco 7 (30): 4-17.
  • Klemens, M. 2000. Turtle Conservation. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Le, Minh; Christopher J. Raxworthy, William P. McCord and Lisa Mertz. 2006. A molecular phylogeny of tortoises (Testudines: Testudinidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 450 (2): 517-531.
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #13: Asian and Indonesian Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (33): 35-38.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Peters, K. 2003. Kurze Bemerkungen zum Alter der Indischen Sternschildkröte Geochelone elegans (SCHOEPFF 1795). Sauria 25 (4): 23.
  • Rajaratnam, L. 2008. "Merinews" (On-line). Rampant smuggling of Indian star tortoises. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Saus, A. 2007. Haltung und Nachzucht der Sternschildkröte Geochelone elegans (SCHOEPFF, 1794) aus Sri Lanka. Draco 7 (30): 50-55.
  • Schoepff, J.D. 1792. Historia Testudinum Iconibus Illustrata. [part 1]. J.J. Palm, Erlangae [=Erlangen]. xii + 136 pp. [pp. 1-32].
  • Scholdei, J. 2009. Erst beschlagnahmt, dann vermehrt: Sternschildkröten (Geochelone elegans) im Allwetterzoo Münster. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (3): 59-62.
  • Scholdei, J. 2009. Zwillingsschlupf bei Sternschildkröten Geochelone elegans im Allwetterzoo Münster. Sauria 31 (4): 45-47.
  • Schweigger, A.F. 1812. Prodromus Monographia Cheloniorum auctore Schweigger. Königsberg. Arch. Naturwiss. Mathem., 1: 271-368, 406-458.
  • Sekhar, A., N. Gurunathan, G. Anandhan. 2004. Star Tortoise— A Victim of the Exotic Pet Trade. Tigerpaper, 31 (1): 4-6.
  • Slavens, F., K. Slavens. 1999. Reptiles and Amphibians in Captivity: Breeding, Longevity, and Inventory. Seattle, Washington: Slaveware.
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1931. The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia Volume I.—Loricata, Testudines. Taylor and Francis, London, 185 pp.
  • Subramanyam, G., S. Latheef, B. Prasad, S. Chandrasekara Pillai. 2006. "A DATABASE ON ENDANGERED ANIMALS AT SESHACHALAM HILLS" (On-line). GEOCHELONE ELEGANS. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Tabaka, C., D. Senneke. 2006. "World Chelonian Trust— Star Tortoise Care Sheet" (On-line). Accessed December 23, 2008 at
  • Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P. P., J. Iverson, A. Rhodin, H. Shaffer, and R. Bour]. 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with maps, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5, v. 7. 329-479
  • Vyas, R. 2010. Ein Fall von Süßwasserschildkröten-Wilderei bei Vadodara City, Bundesstaat Gujarat, Indien. Sauria 32 (3): 53-56.
  • Vyas, Raju. 2006. The Indian Star Tortoise Geochelone elegans - Status in the protected areas of Gujarat and in Indian zoos. Zoos' Print Journal 21(4):2220-2222.
  • Wallin, L. 1977. The Linnean type-specimen of Testudo geometrica. Zoon 5:77-78.


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