The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2001. "Manhattan, Kansas" (On-line). Indian Star Tortoise. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • 2008. "Honolulu Zoo" (On-line). Star Tortoise. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408.
  • Das, I. 1995. Turtles and Tortoises of India. Bombay: Oxford University Press.
  • Das, I. 2002. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of India. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books.
  • Das, I. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster.
  • DeSilva, A. 2004. The Biology and Status of the Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans) in Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Protected Area Management and Wildlife Conservation Project: Sri Lankan Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL. 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p.
  • Edqvist, U. 2008. "Tortoise Trust" (On-line). Star Tortoise Basics. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Ernst, C., R. Barbour. 1989. Turtles of the World. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London.
  • Fife, J. 2007. Star Tortoises. Ada, Oklahoma: Living Art Publishing.
  • Frank & Kate's Web Page (Online source) External link.
  • Gaur, A., A. Reddy, S. Annapoorni, B. Satyarebala, S. Shivaja. 2006. The origin of Indian Star tortoises (Geochelone elegans) based on nuclear and mitochondrial analysis: a story of rescue and repatriation. Conservation Genetics, 7 (2): 231-240. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Gaur, A.; A. Reddy, S. Annapoorni, B. Satyarebala & S. Shivaji. 2006. The origin of Indian Star tortoises (Geochelone elegans) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA analysis: A story of rescue and repatriation. Conservation Genetics (2006): 231–240.
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. 2008. "IUCN 2008 Red List - Geochelone elegans" (On-line). Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Iverson, John B. 1992. A Revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. xiii + 363
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Adams Zufluchtsort: Sri Lanka. Draco 7 (30): 4-17.
  • Klemens, M. 2000. Turtle Conservation. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Le, Minh; Christopher J. Raxworthy, William P. McCord and Lisa Mertz. 2006. A molecular phylogeny of tortoises (Testudines: Testudinidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 450 (2): 517-531.
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #13: Asian and Indonesian Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (33): 35-38.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Peters, K. 2003. Kurze Bemerkungen zum Alter der Indischen Sternschildkröte Geochelone elegans (SCHOEPFF 1795). Sauria 25 (4): 23.
  • Rajaratnam, L. 2008. "Merinews" (On-line). Rampant smuggling of Indian star tortoises. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Saus, A. 2007. Haltung und Nachzucht der Sternschildkröte Geochelone elegans (SCHOEPFF, 1794) aus Sri Lanka. Draco 7 (30): 50-55.
  • Schoepff, J.D. 1792. Historia Testudinum Iconibus Illustrata. [part 1]. J.J. Palm, Erlangae [=Erlangen]. xii + 136 pp. [pp. 1-32].
  • Scholdei, J. 2009. Erst beschlagnahmt, dann vermehrt: Sternschildkröten (Geochelone elegans) im Allwetterzoo Münster. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (3): 59-62.
  • Scholdei, J. 2009. Zwillingsschlupf bei Sternschildkröten Geochelone elegans im Allwetterzoo Münster. Sauria 31 (4): 45-47.
  • Schweigger, A.F. 1812. Prodromus Monographia Cheloniorum auctore Schweigger. Königsberg. Arch. Naturwiss. Mathem., 1: 271-368, 406-458.
  • Sekhar, A., N. Gurunathan, G. Anandhan. 2004. Star Tortoise— A Victim of the Exotic Pet Trade. Tigerpaper, 31 (1): 4-6.
  • Slavens, F., K. Slavens. 1999. Reptiles and Amphibians in Captivity: Breeding, Longevity, and Inventory. Seattle, Washington: Slaveware.
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1931. The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia Volume I.—Loricata, Testudines. Taylor and Francis, London, 185 pp.
  • Subramanyam, G., S. Latheef, B. Prasad, S. Chandrasekara Pillai. 2006. "A DATABASE ON ENDANGERED ANIMALS AT SESHACHALAM HILLS" (On-line). GEOCHELONE ELEGANS. Accessed December 12, 2008 at
  • Tabaka, C., D. Senneke. 2006. "World Chelonian Trust— Star Tortoise Care Sheet" (On-line). Accessed December 23, 2008 at
  • Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P. P., J. Iverson, A. Rhodin, H. Shaffer, and R. Bour]. 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with maps, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5, v. 7. 329-479
  • Uetz P. (2013). TIGR Reptile Database (version Oct 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Vyas, R. 2010. Ein Fall von Süßwasserschildkröten-Wilderei bei Vadodara City, Bundesstaat Gujarat, Indien. Sauria 32 (3): 53-56.
  • Vyas, Raju. 2006. The Indian Star Tortoise Geochelone elegans - Status in the protected areas of Gujarat and in Indian zoos. Zoos' Print Journal 21(4):2220-2222.
  • Wallin, L. 1977. The Linnean type-specimen of Testudo geometrica. Zoon 5:77-78.


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