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SummaryThe black-breasted leaf turtle, Geoemyda spengleri (Geoemydidae), is a very small (carapace length to 107 mm), primarily terrestrial leaf litter turtle that occurs in southern China and northern Vietnam. Few data are available regarding its life history or population status. The species prefers montane forest habitat and apparently rarely enters water. Clutch size in captivity is 1–2 eggs that measure 42–45 x 18 mm, with hatchlings ca. 30 mm in carapace length. Many individuals have been exported from both China and Vietnam via the live pet trade, and this trade appears to have reduced populations of the species. For adequate conservation and management of this species it is necessary to delineate the distribution, life history, and status of each population on the basis of reliable field data.