Distribution: USA (California), Mexico (Baja California)
Type locality: “California”. Restricted to Cape San Lucas, Baja California by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Coast horned lizard
The coast horned lizard (Phrynosoma coronatum) is a species of phrynosomatid lizard which can be found from Baja California north to California's Sacramento Valley. It is a widely divergent species with over 6 subspecies in their relatively small range. As a defense the lizard can shoot high pressure streams of blood out of its eyes if threatened.
The coast horned lizard appears rough and spiky but is actually smooth-skinned, although it has sharp spikes along its sides, back and head. It is a large species, and can reach 10 cm (4 inches) excluding the tail. It is less rounded than other horned lizards. It has two large dark blotches behind its head, followed by three broad bands on its body, with several smaller bands along the tail. Its colour can be various shades of brown, with cream 'accents' around the blotches and the outer fringe of its scales.
- Hollingsworth, B. & Hammerson, G.A. (2007). "Phrynosoma coronatum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- Hylton, Brodie "Ecology and Species Comparisons of the Short-Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma douglassi) and the Desert Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma platyrhinos)". Retrieved 2010-08-12.